Lawrence of Arabia Term Paper

Lawrence of Arabia Term Paper
Lawrence of Arabia Term Paper
Thomas Edward Lawrence (1888-1935), was known to his family as ‘Ned’, was born at Tremadoc, North Wales, the second of five sons of Sir Thomas Robert Tighe Chapman and Sarah Junner. He was educated at Oxford High School and Jesus College Oxford, from which he graduated in 1910 with a 1st Class Honors degree in Modern History.

Following his graduation, Lawrence followed his earlier eagerness for archaeology by taking part in the British Museum Expedition excavating the Hittite City of Carchemish. At numerous times between 1911 and 1914, Lawrence worked under the direction of both D.G. Hogarth and Sir Leonard Woolley.

The eruption of the First World War saw Lawrence in London where previously he spent time working as a civilian in the Geographical Section of the War Office. He was commissioned in October 1914 and posted to Cairo to join the Intelligence Office where he remained for two years. In October 1916, Lawrence accompanied Sir Ronald Storrs to Jidda where he met one of the Arab leaders, Sherif Faisal who later became King Faisal. This meeting began Lawrence‘s uninterrupted active participation with the Arab Revolt and his close relationship with Faisal and the Arab people.

Before 1914, twenty-six-year-old T.E. Lawrence worked for the British Museum digging amid the Hittite ruins in Mesopotamia. The Oxford graduate had spent years in the desert developing an intimate information and love of the Bedouin clans that wandered the region.

At the outbreak of war Lawrence was cast aside as physically unsuited for military service but his particular knowledge of the area made him a perfect candidate for the Intelligence Service at Cairo.

The war in the Middle East did not go well for the British in the early days of the discord. Their downfall at Gallipoli and incapacity to remove the Turks from the Dardanelles laid open the Suez Canal to likely attack. Meanwhile, the Arabs surveyed the involvement of the Ottoman Empire in World War One as a chance to revolt and drive the Turks from their land.

Seizing this chance to disturb the Turks, the British lent support to the Arabs through shipments of arms and money. The revolt sputtered nonetheless and was by 1916 in jeopardy of subsiding. Lawrence was sent to bring order and direction to the Arab cause. The adventures transformed the self-centered and studious Lawrence into one of the most brilliant military….

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