Particularities of a Diagnosis

Particularities of a Diagnosis
Psychologists are working with human beings a good intervention is made based on an accurate diagnosis. There are some particularities that need to be taken into account. See what are they!As a psychiatrist or a psychologist, when making a diagnosis regarding a person’s mental health, there are certain criteria that must carefully be taken into consideration. There are three major criteria that are accepted by the scientific world when referring to diagnosing someone. These are: the statistic criterion, the cultural-ideal one and the most significant being the functionality criterion. But as in every situation, there are some particularities that are needed to be taken into account.

Cultural differences

The first one of these is the cultural difference. Because of the mass movement within and between the nations each country has now a mixture of nationalities and cultures. One of the implications for a psychologist is to know that at any moment he might have culturally different clients and because of this, it is more than recommended for him to know some things about different cultures that dwell in his country. The demand is for several reasons, such as the fact that it helps to build a stronger relationship between the client and the psychologist and the most important reason is that it is sometimes helpful in making a diagnosis. For example, if a person from the Islamic world goes to a psychologist for a diagnosis the doctor must cautiously consider some of the cultural aspects. In our society it is not common for a woman to be isolated, nor to refuse to initiate discussion, nor to stay inside the house all the time. This would be a sign that she is close to fall into depression or she is already fallen. But if a Muslim woman describes her behavior in the same manner it might not mean that she has depression, because in their culture this certain behavior is very functional and more than that, it is a rule.

Age and gender

Age and gender particularities are two other major features when making a diagnosis. First of all, we cannot expect adults, children and the elderly to have the same results at psychological tests. Actually, they cannot be placed in the same sample, nor in the same experimental population and it is not recommended to give them the same tests. There are several reasons for his assumptions. The first one is that they are not in the same developmental stage and this has a number of implications. Their brain is different from both an anatomical and especially from a functional point of view. Children’ s brain is still under construction while the adults’ brain is fully matured and the one of the elderly is under some processes of decade. Another thing is that their organs work differently under the same classification used for the brain. Because of this, psychologists don’t expect their clients of different stages of life to have the same scores. Another assumption is the fact that children and older people have different language notions and understand the spoken language to certain degrees. For this reason, some tests for younger children do not use spoken language but drawings. Gender is very important as well because as in the example presented above, in some cultures women have different functions and different behaviors.

Deontological aspect

Another particularity of making a diagnosis refers to ethical and deontological aspects. Because of the psychologists’ object of work namely people, some deontological principles are a must in order to guide their work. For example, it is not OK for a psychologist to treat their relatives or friends. Why? The reason is that the psychologist cannot be objective in such cases or he can find out (using different means such as hypnosis) details that are not needed for the therapy.

Another example: what could a psychologist do when he has a minor-aged client who wants to do sessions without his parents’ permission? The deontological code specifies that this is not allowed. What he can do is to discuss the matter with the child’s parents and ask permission for alone sessions with the child on the condition that everything is videotaped.

In conclusion, making a diagnosis is a serious job, because the treatment depends to it. Diagnosis is made under some criteria but sometimes, the real situations make those criteria insufficient. The cultural differences, the age and gender and the ethical and deontological aspects are some welcomed references to a well made diagnosis.

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