Japanese Revolution in Technology

Japanese Revolution in Technology
This article helps you understand about the ways and techniques adopted by Japanese for domination in technological world.From Mobile phones to luxurious cars, Japan rules undisputedly in bringing value for the local and international customers. If we look at history, then Japanese became able to achieve price undercutting after World war 2 by exporting high quality products at low prices. How they did it? There are various ways and methods adopted by Japanese which are discussed below.

Continuous improvement system:

In 1946, Japanese adopted TQM (Total quality management) philosophy that states the commitment of all tasks done by all departments at optimum level. And in TQM philosophy it is mentioned as KAIZEN Approach meaning continuous improvement systems to be implemented for achieving sustainable competitive advantage. As a result in mid 80’s,Japanese products and services dominated the world market share due to its lower price, excellent quality and high reliability.

Recycling of products & Japanese culture:

Another reason behind Japan’s technological success is recycling products as Japanese do not have wasteful culture unlike American’s. They recycle products and create value added products from them and it is the part of their tacit knowledge.

Ambidextrous approach:

Japanese used ambidextrous approach by hiring young and inexperienced human resource which can take risks for innovation. Companies like Sony, Honda, Toyota and Nissan are relying mainly on creativity and innovation for the development of their products. In 1990’s,during the development of Toyota PRIUS, Executive President Wada chosen Takeshi Uchiyamada as a team leader of G21 team as project was different to develop a car of 21st century. So the whole product development process was different from traditional systems and this ambidextrous approach practically worked.

Inimitable resources:

Japanese culture is quite different from rest of nations and it can be argued as one of its reasons behind Japan success. Japanese do lot of brainstorming and ideas sharing as well as their higher officials do not feel hesitancy while communicating with operator level employees. Ideas, creativity, knowledge, cultures are such resources which cannot be easily copied or imitated. For example, TPS(Toyota production system was one of the examples as on one occasion, Toyota allowed GM to look the production system but still the culture was unique so it could not be copied by GM.

TQM Tools:

There are various tools and techniques like six sigma, zero defect, just in time of TQM philosophy for development of quality products are used. Six sigma ensures 99.99966% quality in products or 3.4 defective parts per million (PPM).Both, Motorola and General Electric remained beneficiary of six sigma methodologies. This adoption created a repute of Japanese products to be highly reliable. Japanese products reliability is not something unknown to the World as still today models of 1960’s Toyota Corolla can be seen on roads.

Quality Experts, gurus, scholars like Dr Deming, Juran, Crosby spent their entire lives evolving concepts of TQM philosophy. So we find the truth in some persons saying that: "Someone is sitting in the shade of the tree someone planted years ago". And once Newton was questioned by someone that "How you analyses and foresee the actual reality of things" than Newton answered that "As I am standing on the shoulders of the giants(Means Aristotle ,Plato) so that’s why my sight is more clear".

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