Organizational Diversity and Discrimination

Organizational Diversity and Discrimination
This literature review focuses on the examination between cultural diversity in the work place and the effects it has on productivity. Specifically, this paper analyzes the various factors that are believed to play a major influence on productivity. This includes homogenous work groups vs. heterogeneous work groups, applied settings vs. laboratory research, social factors that influence diversity in the work place, as well as cultural diversity in foreign countries and its effects on productivity. This analysis aims to add information to prior research in an effort to understand the roots of cultural diversity in the workplace and its impact on performance, as well as other influential variables.

In an effort to understand the roots of organizational productivity, it is vital to understand various components that have major influence. One of the many components of particular interest is cultural diversity. Diversity in the general population has had a long history of challenges and problems. The 1800's proved to be one of America's darkest hours. Slavery, a very common practice in the Antebellum South, made equality and diversity among the people almost impossible. Fortunately, hundreds of thousands of brave men, lead by President Abraham Lincoln, decided that the country could not survive with such apparent inequalities between the people. This clash between the North and South on the issue of slavery lead to the Civil War, a struggle to end slavery, create equality, and preserve the Union. Although America has come a long way in embracing diversity and equality, many believe we have not made the proper efforts that are necessary to remedy our situation; an overall lack of diversity in our communities.

Organizations also struggle with diversity and diversity management. Further, organizations experience many issues involving diversity and its affect on productivity. This has lead to a complex and fascinating topic in the field of Organizational Psychology; what is the history and roots of cultural diversity in organizations and how have they affected productivity? Furthermore, how have (or have not) organizations changed with regards to diversity and productivity in organizations? It is this contrast that will be the subject of this review. What is the relationship of cultural diversity and productivity in organizations currently, and what can be expected in the future?

Organizational Diversity and Discrimination 9 of 10 on the basis of 2015 Review.