Example Geography Essay: To what extent are we living in a globalised world?

Example Geography Essay: To what extent are we living in a globalised world?
The terms ‘globalised’ and ‘globalisation’ are in common usage in both academia and the media to an extent that they are taken as a given, rather than questioned. Here the extent to which we are living in a ‘globalised’ world is challenged. In most simple terms to globalise is ‘to make global or worldwide in scope or application’ (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/globalised accessed 10/03/09). Taking this basic definition the essay proceeds to show how the world we live in is far from globalised. In substantiating this argument it draws upon the imbalance in wealth between the developed and the lesser developed world, arguing that far from being globalised the world is stratified. It also considered the Western dominance of international affairs and the clash of cultures as aspects of the world we live in that indicate it is far from being a globalised one.
Globalisation and the concept of a globalised world generally refers to an increased interconnectivity between peoples and places in the world, through increased ease of travel and of passage of information through development of travel and information communications technologies and primarily through the advent of the internet and the homogenisation of cultures and ideas, of society, yet the world we live in today is far from homogenised. In the so called global village we live in where cultures have converged, visible through the existed of McDonalds, Starbucks or Coca Cola on every corner of every city one may travel to. It is this that has prompted speculation that the world in which we are living in is globalised. This could not be further from the truth. While unscrupulous multi-national corporations have taken advantage of poorer economies, placing production sites where prices are lower and have used increased ease of transportation to ship all over the world, this does not amount to a global society.

Best outlines that there are three aspects to globalisation economic, cultural and political. (2001: 167) Economic through the transnational corporations who invest in countries other than those of origin and ship products globally; cultural through the ‘homogenisation’ of cultures, convergence of cultures and awareness of cultural difference through the increased information about different cultures. There is also the argument of ‘McDonaldisation’. Politically there is the United Nations, the IMF and summits such as the G8 in terms of global governance. However all of these have been Western in concept and in origin, arguably a Western imperialism in another guise. While we may all live on the same planet, where we live on the planet determines our experience and options. In a globalised world this would not be the case.

One of the clearest ways to see just how the world we live in is not globalised is the vast disparity of wealth between the nations of the world. In terms of wealth the disparity between rich and poor nations of the world, of the global village we supposedly live in, has only grown. The map of the world below, from the United Nations Development Programme based on the Gini coefficient clearly shows the preponderance of wealth and the inequality that exists. ‘The Gini coefficient is a measure of income inequality that ranges between 0, indicating perfect equality, and 1, indicating complete inequality

Example Geography Essay: To what extent are we living in a globalised world? 9.4 of 10 on the basis of 1793 Review.