Process Essay

Process Essay
Definition:
In this kind of essay, the aim is to describe how something is done in a sequence of steps or how something operates. This is the type of essay we use when we are explaining how online registration is made in Boğaziçi University or how the ABS brake system in a car works.
Organization:
Two kinds of organization are possible:

1. In the first one, we give a set of instructions in detail so that the readers can perform the same actions and do the process themselves. We introduce the process and the materials or tools required for the process. Then, we list the steps they must follow. The most important thing to bear in mind is to tell the readers everything that needs to be known. The readers who are doing the described process for the first time do not have experience so they should not be frustrated.

2. In the second kind of organization, we focus on the understanding of how something happens rather than the steps explained in detail. The aim of the writer is not to enable the reader to perform some actions but to explain the overall process.

After writing the essay, we can check to see whether the steps are clearly explained and are in chronological order and proper transitions are used. In the first kind of organization, there should not be large gaps between the steps, and in the second one, there should not be any question marks in the readers’ minds about the overall process.

Language:
The steps should be written in chronological order, in the order that they happen. The readers should also be guided with transitions such as first, next, finally.

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