Theories of Motivation

Theories of Motivation
Discuss the three different theorize of motivation and also give reasons for agree or disagree with them .
Nowadays, motivation has become very important for employees and students. This may be helpful for their daily tasks, for instance, some managers have encouraged their employees by increasing salary, holiday?s and promotions. As a result for that, their employees have improved their skills which have good benefits for these companies. In addition, motivation is one of the essential ways for success in life which is used to help people to achieve their goals. For example, it might be used is schools to stimulate student achievements, educational attainment and creativity. Moreover, it could be used by managers or teachers to encourage their workers , employers and students. More manages need more knowledge and training on how to motivate so the can grow by attending course and conferences . Also, to teach them how to deal with staff and motivate them to perform to their potent the best. This essay will discuss the motivation based on three theories, the Two ? factors theory, the Hierarchy of Needs theory, and the ERG theory. The essay will evaluate weaknesses and strengths of the theories .
The first theory. This theory said that there are two groups of factors. The first group are called hygiene factors .According to Herzberg(Smith and Taylor,2007). This means that the employees feel good in continuing work by having a well-organized a good position is very important for employees also workplace and atmosphere. Moreover, the salary and other benefits such as medical insurance, holidays and transportation make the employees happy. Regarding this theory these factors are not motivation but it is essential to be offered for employees. The second group which named motivators by Herzberg include an interesting job which will satisfy employees interests and their ability?s. The respect which is needed from managers to their employees and promotion for employees is one of the important factors which encourage them to do their best in their job. Undoubtedly, responsibility is one of the important ways to motive employees in terms of decision marking and controlling of other colleagues. Finally, the hygiene factors do not lead to motivation but it must exist to make employees happy and second group have the methods which motivates employees.
Also, this theory explains the importance of designing the work to be fun for workers which give them area for getting some characteristic such as creativity, decision-making, responsibility and achievement.
Now we will discuss Maslow?s Theory. According to Maslow(Daft,2008;156) he perceived that which every person there was an order of predominantly five needs. Maslow categorized these. firstly physiological which can include basic things like food, drinks and a home. Secondly, there is safety to feel safe both on the inside and out. Next, is social. For example like making friends and being accepted. Then there is esteem which is to respect yourself, to get achievements and recognition. Lastly there is self-actualization. This is to believe that they can succeed to their full ability and to grow. Maslow indicates that. The theory works by following the order, to move up each level has to be completed. The first three levels are easier to achieve but the least two levels are more difficult to get. However, Maslow theory it could be difficult to understand and people do not follow an order to be motivated. For example some people money is not very important such as some countries like Spain need friends before money. Maslow believes that every one is the same no matter the culture or background although it was well liked there was not enough evidence to support this theory .
ERG is a motivation theory made by Clayton Alderfer worked from Maslow?s need theory keeping to the same basics but to bring some empirical research to provide evidence and support the theory. Instead of Maslow?s five requirement he compressed them to just three . The first one is existence which is the basic needs like hunger and shelter as well as safety. The next one is relatedness this includes making relationships and forming bonds, similar to Maslow?s social needs. Lastly there is growth which is personal development like Maslow?s self-actualization needs. According to Alderfer (Smith and Taylor,2007).this theory has no order and more than one can be done. As well as having more evidence, also it can see that people have different values from their background and culture. In addition it could be easy to use and understand, such as if a company want to used this theory to motivate workers they can look at more than one requirement to used. on the other hand there is evidence saying it work there is also evidence saying it does not work.
In conclusion motivation is very important to makes the employees work harder to succeed. Firstly there is the Two Factor theory. Where job satisfaction factors are called the motivators including things like achievements. Then there is job dissatisfaction which are called the hygiene factors, example salary and work condition. The next theory was Maslow?s needs theory which includes physiological safety, social, esteem and self-actualization. Where each level has to be completed to become motivated. The last theory is the ERG which existence, relatedness and growth. Also it is a flexible method and more than one can be used. I agree with two of the theories, which were the Two Factor theory and the ERG theory because it understands the workers and it is clear and easy to use. Also it is a good way to motivate employs and push them to work harder. However, I disagree with Maslow?s Needs theory because it is difficult to use and understand. Overall I would recommend the Two Factor theory and the ERG theory.

De Montfort University
English Language Preparation

Discuss the three different theories of motivation and also give reasons for agree or disagree with them.
Course C group 5

Tutor: Adam John Mettam

Works Cited

GLASSMAN,W.E. and HADAD,M.(2004) Approaches to Psychology.4th ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
DAFT,R.L.(2008) New Era of Management.2nd ed. China: Thomson-Western.
ROBBINS,S.P.(2001) Organizational Behavior.9th ed. New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall.
BROWNE,P.(2008) WWW.ntemba.Com/motivation/Maslow. [Accessed 5 June 2009].
SMITH,J. and Taylor,J.(2007) What is Motivation? Psychology Today,7(3),P.54-78.

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