The Impact of Groups Such as The Beatles on the Nineteen-Sixties

The Impact of Groups Such as The Beatles on the Nineteen-Sixties
Groups such as the Beatles effected British society in many ways in the period of the 1960?s. The course of the Beatles came in 3 distinct phases between 1962 and 1968. The Beatles were an all male quartet from the North West working class city of Liverpool. John Lennon, Ringo Starr, George Harrison and Paul McCartney would set about changing popular music forever. The Beatles had many musical influences ranging from Elvis Pressley to Chuck Berry. There performances were famed for being long and amazing on some occasions it was known that they continued to play non stop for 8 hours. Much of there early music could be heard in the back streets of Liverpool, in clubs like the cavern and small clubs in the German city of Hamburg. The Beatles were becoming the complete antithesis of manufactured pop acts that followed the initial rock n roll from the usa.
They were different in several ways from any other music which was around at that time. They wore classy suits and had unique and distinctive hair styles. Brian Epstein was manager of the lads and George Martin produces some of there greatest musical efforts. Both gifted in there own fields they brought the group exactly what they needed. They did not take any of their earnings, leaving it instead for them to do with what they pleased. The quartets were extremely inventive with there new style of album sleeve, no longer was plain and informative the thing to have, the Beatles wanted colour and things that made people want to but the record. One of the key periods for the Beetles was between 1962-64, this was the time when the key part of the bands success came together. Firstly the group noticed the spark between Lennon and McCartney. Both gifted with exceptional song writing ability and the group had been blessed with arguably two of the greatest song writers ever known. They also appeared on the scene in the UK at just the right time, television was just launching to a mass audience and that made it possible for the publicity that the lads required to become all the more easier to create. This was an advantage on any bands before them because now, people in places away from Liverpool where they were based could see what they were like and enjoy their music. The music that Lennon and McCartney were writing in the years between ?62 and ?64 was inclusive to all section of British society. Nobody would feel left out by the topics that they sung about or the style in which they sang them. Also emerging at a similar time were a group known as The Rolling Stones who?s first number one hit was written by Lennon and McCartney, had the pair not wrote this for them and gave them the early push they needed it is possible that we would never have heard of the likes of Mick Jagger. The Beatles caused many parts of British society to begin to change, they literally changed both the style and image of popular music. They were seen as both the catalyst and the innovators. The first thing the group did was to make it cool to be a British working class person with a local accent. In previous times, if you did have a local accent you were deemed common and below the upper class of the south. They also opened people?s ears to many different musical styles as they incorporated classical and folk forms into their own writing in songs such as ?I am the Walrus.? The four lads from Liverpool also became hugely successful in the usa. They arrived there following the assassination of jfk and the Americas needed a lively group to lift there plummeting spirits. There breakthrough came after an appearance on the Ed Sullivan show which was seen by over 74 million people from coast to coast in the US. They then took America by storm. So much so that by April 1964 they had 12 records in the US top 50 and that included numbers 1 through 5. The Beatles music began to change as the 60?s progressed, by 1964 the subjects that John and Paul, who were now locked in a friendly and incredibly creative rivalry, wrote about had changed. No longer were their songs about boys and girls falling in love. Now they began to write about things that normal working class people like themselves faced. One example of this was ?Rain?. Lines like, ?If the rain comes they run and hide their heads, they might as well be dead.? Symbolise how people were struggling financially and socially during this period. In this period the now world famed quartet began shooting live action movies. This was once again the brain child of Epstein and Martin, once again it paid off and the group?s popularity soared. Richard Lester, the director of both ?a hard days night? in 1964 and ?Help? in 1965 was recently inducted into the mtv hall of fame as the inventor of the music video. The films usually featured long sections of the band plying songs to crowds of screaming fan, this was genuinely what happened when they played so there was no shock when this was shown. The changing British surroundings allowed them to push the boundaries in the years between ?66 and ?68. The album ?Revolver? was a seminal album which took modern pop to places it had never been before. This meant that the Beatles were now more than ever being seen as the trendiest, hippest and most happening band ever. The album which totally changed the face of music forever was the Sgt. Pepper album. The summer of love had been given the ideal soundtrack that it both deserved and needed. Songs such as Sgt. Pepper?s lonely hearts club band and Octopus? Garden summed up the mood of British youths at the time. John, Ringo, George and Paul wanted to catch the spirit of the late 60?s in their songs. Tunes such as Lucy in the Sky with diamonds and I am the Walrus told of supposed journeys Lennon and McCartney had taken after experimenting with lsd. I am the Walrus featured elements of Lewis Carroll?s Alice in Wonderland. Fictional creatures such as ?semolina pilchards? and ?egg men? were commonplace. Despite there huge popularity some people managed to dislike the Beatles and thus became there strong opposition. Groups such as The Conservative Party and the Klu Klux Klan. The Conservatives deemed there later music to be to risqué due to its sexual undertones and the openness about the drug takings. The Klu Klux Klan did not like the group because they felt they betrayed white music after taking in other music styles from other cultures into there music.

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