Managing the Human Environment

Managing the Human Environment
Objectives 1) Where is the Quayside Area and why has regeneration taken place here? 2) How has redevelopment been carried out and what land use changes have taken place along the Quayside Area? 3) What have been the environmental and economic impacts of regeneration along the Quayside 4) How successful has the quayside regeneration scheme been? The Key Idea: In the gcse Geography Course we are suppose to study human environment management, we have chosen the Newcastle Quayside as it is a perfect example of regeneration in progress and to find whether the regeneration process is working and how successful it has become. Land-use zoning and city cycles Cities are based on sectors and land use zones but these land zones change we are going to study one of the changing areas in Newcastle upon Tyne. There are lots of factors effecting the change and regeneration in the land use zones. The sector we are studying is the Quayside and whether the change and regeneration is working? Why is Regeneration Needed? As time goes by, economic advancements happen, i.e. economic changes in the way that industry changes too.
The UK has significantly changed economically from being a manufacturing country with factories and lots of work force to a country providing services (tertiary). These changes cause cities to keep up with the up to date economic ways of the UK. In the nineteenth century high density terraced houses built on the original edge-of-the-city, new furniture, iron and steel related factories built round docks are some of the significant changes made in the 19th century that kept up with the economy of the time. As the patterns of industry change in the 1920?s shop lifters and railways decline, manufacturing moves to Greenfieldsites and steel manufacturing moves to the edge-of-the-city. By the 1960?s derelict and contaminated land left as firms move out therefore land is hard to sell, firms move to near city edges as they prefer newer sites. Vandalism and crime increased deterioration of shops, services and pollution (littler dumping and graffiti). These significant industrial changes give us an idea why regeneration is essential. With regeneration tourism will be encourage, providing more jobs, the cities income increasing. This can be possible if management of finance is taken seriously as making the right decisions is very important to attract money. Benefits of Regeneration It?s natural to assume that all regeneration is good but is it? Regeneration can go wrong, money spent ill wisely, buildings not bring in profit even though it?s modern and new, not a sustainable development. However if the management of financial income and outgoing and well thought out plans are produced, regeneration can be successful. There are several benefits to regeneration. Local advantages An increase of population in the city centre therefore is an indication of success and leading to more jobs more income of profit and generally a nicer place to live. Labour force as stated will be increased, bringing in skilled workers and hard working people providing food processing, clothes textiles and electrical engineering. More Schools and Universities providing more sophisticated and intelligent people into the city, looking for jobs and being able to go to interviews for the jobs they want inside the city. It ensures a skilled workforce available. Building on the Advantages Having a regenerated city brings in sponsors to sponsor them for various causes like culture and education to bring in more funding to improve the city in all aspects. Transports and Communications More income of profit provides more money to spend on transport of exporting and import goods through the city. An Underground network provides a service and makes profit. It?s an efficient way of travelling around the city. Environmental improvements As regeneration can be seen as an incentive to keep the place clean, people will respect the buildings more if they look nice and modern therefore litter and graffiti will be reduced. Cleaning the place will be used as another incentive to bring in more profit and more people to benefit every aspect financially. Retail Developments A cleaner and modern place attracts plans to build retail shopping zones, bringing in more money to the city after the regeneration has occurred. It also provides a place where people can socialise making it more of a likely place people would like to go back to more than once. Therefore this is a sustainable development. Housing improvements There isn?t a better way to keep people into the city than residential areas this could be an approach to make the whole city much nicer by providing housing near the employment of work. Making an attempt to keep people into the city from residential areas and the regeneration of the city is an excellent way to make profit and again sustainable development. A Similar Scheme to Newcastle upon Tyne LondonDocks, Millwall The NewcastleQuayside isn?t the only place that regeneration is occurring. The LondonDocks is also going through this process. During the 19th century Londonwas developing at an alarming rate surround by warehouses ready for export and import and poor housing. By the 1950?s the amount ships coming in and out of the London docks was too much and they ended up not being able to get into the docks. By the 1970?s the Docklands became derelict with very few jobs, poor living conditions for the local society. In 1981 the London Docklands Development Corporation (lddc) was set up to try and improve the economy, social and environmental conditions in the area. Traditional jobs in the docks were unskilled and poorly paid but by 1981 large numbers of local people were unemployed and living in poor conditions. Many were forced to leave the area. In the 1990?s everything had changed in industry many new offices like the Canary Wharf, financial businesses and high tech firms were attracted to the docks via the low rates. Newspaper organisations moved from the city centre to the docks and by 1992 10,000 jobs had been created from the docks. In Transport, an improved transport links brought the Docklands 10 minutes from the city centre of London. Roads had been refurbished and the underground line was extended into the Docklands. In Shopping, large shopping centres near the CanaryWharfbringing in more people near the Docklands. In Environment and recreations facilities the city had benefited from the Europe?s largest urban tree planting scheme and the setting up of 17 conservation areas. Sports centres were built to attract more people by giving them something to do that is fun and keeps obesity down. The changes affected people in various ways like many new firms needing highly skilled workers this meant most new jobs went to people living outside the Docklands. As the residential areas were too expensive for local people to buy it was not available for them. More low cost housing had been built and giving the chance of local people to buy their own house. Wealthy people had brought extra money and trade into the city causing local business and newspaper shops to compete with higher prices. Capital was used to build office blocks and housing rather than improving services like hospitals and education. By 1990?s the economic and environmental conditions were believed to have improved dramatically but social development hadn?t. The Canary Wharf was affected by the 1990?s boom and jobs were lost at the Canary Wharfs this made unemployment and homelessness soar. What Have They Done to regenerate the Quayside? [image] This is a photograph taken on 22nd December 2001 of the sage being built the sage is due to opens on 17th December 2004. The sage a £70m project will contain facilities for people of all ages to make music, hear music and learn music Housing a 1,650-seat concert hall and being the home of Sinfonia classical orchestra. [image]Millennium Bridge Taken behind St. Mary?s Churchyard at Tuesday 16th of November 2000. Designed by Wilkinson Eyre Architects/ Gifford & Partners and built by Gateshead-based construction company ? Harbour & General. It?s the only tilting bridge in the world and the first. It is so efficient it costs only £3.60 when it opens. This Bridge is not only a nice viewing site but environmental friendly too. [image] [image] Text Box: Here is the Leisure area before development see how its just foundations of previous buildings? Itâ??s perfect for building on [image] What are the future plans? [image][image] A two level style leisure development with up to 300 spaced public car parks and a mix of cafÃ??s, restaurants and bars. This are the plans for the Leisure complex being built next to the Baltic as you can see above. [image] [image] Development of the Gateshead area, Gateshead has basically a clean sheet to regenerate on whereas Newcastle has to do gentrification on the listed buildings from earlier days. Here are some of the plans for the Gateshead side of the Quayside. [image] Every sector of east Gateshead is just abandoned land perfect for a clean slate to build sustainable development projects. As listed the advantages of development. The blue part is the commercial areas Methodology Questionnaires Questionnaires are used to get an opinion from all walks of life from children to middle aged people and beyond, questionnaires show is that everyone has a different view point and everyone will have a different opinion on the same subject. Using questionnaires gives us a wide range of opinions and lets us know how different people think about the same subject. We collected 6 questionnaires from various places around the Newcastle Quayside which in many cases isn?t enough. The questionnaire data will be produced in various different ways depending on the question. The limitations of questionnaires are as follows too little were recorded therefore giving a very inaccurate view on the Quayside and at different times of questioning we would of got a much different view as well as the day, as certain days like the day before the great north run is going to have a slight effect on the opinions on a normal Monday. To improve the questionnaires we could question a lot more people at the different times, places and days. Traffic Flows Traffic flow reports are used to give a representation off how much traffic there is at a certain location and time of day. Traffic flows can be looked in three ways a rough guide to how much pollution there is, popularity or how good the road network is around the Quayside. We counted the cars gone passed at a certain road at a certain location for 5 minutes. The data collected will be put into a bar chart to show the amount of traffic in 5 different locations we visited in the Quayside. The limitations of traffic flows are counting cars for 5 minutes isn?t a fair representation of how much traffic and pollution there is. Also it was taken at one time and on one street which gives us a massive limitation on a picture of traffic inside the Quayside. To improve the recorded information on traffic flows would be to count the cars for longer and to count cars at more streets at a certain location. Also do car counts at different times of the day and different days of the week to give a fuller and better picture of traffic flow in the Quayside. These improvements will also give us a better clue on the amount of pollution, popularity and how good the road network really is. Pedestrian Counts Pedestrian counts are used to give us a representation of how popular the Quayside is. This can be looked at as popularity a causes for the amount of vandalism and graffiti about the Quayside. At the certain locations we visited we counted pedestrians for 5 minutes. This data will be presented in a bar chart to show the amount of people at a certain location on the Quayside. The limitations of a pedestrian count are how long we counted for, 5 minutes isn?t a fair representation of how popular the Quayside is or how much is to do with vandalism. The time of day is important too different people come out at different times and it doesn?t give a fair picture to do it at one time. To improve the pedestrian count you could count for longer and at different times of day to ensure we have a certain picture of how popular the Quayside is. Car Park Count Car park counts are used to give us a representation of how many people are using the car parks available and in effect how popular the quayside is. We counted how many cars were in the car park at the certain locations we were situated to. This data will be presented in a bar chart to show the amount of cars at a certain time and location. The limitation of a car park count is how many people parking in a car park varies with time and doesn?t give a very good view on how many people are in the car park when we only do one car park count for each location. To improve the car park count do it more than once at different times of the day to give a much clearer picture of the number of cars in the car park. Noise Noisiness is used to give us a representation of how noisy the Quayside is at certain locations and at certain times of the day. This could be presented as how attractive it is to come here as noise is an indictor of popularity. We stood at the certain locations and used the decibels meter to accurately give us a recording the amount of noise on the Quayside This data will be put in a bar chart to show the amount of noise at certain locations on the Quayside. The limitations of a noise count is that noisiness is different at different times of the day and isn?t a fair picture of what its really like as some people see different times of the Quayside than others. To improve the noise count would be to do it at different times of the day as it will give us a fuller picture of why people decided to come back or not. Environmental Survey Environmental surveys are used to see how attractive and clean the different places around the Quayside are. They show us how attractive a place is and why people would want to visit again. We looked around the different places at certain times and then judged it by how much graffiti is there and how much litter and other unclean things around the area. The data will be shown in a pie chart to show how clean the different places were on a scale of 1-5 5 being the cleanest. The limitations of an environment survey are different times of the year. Different times of the year give you a different idea of how clean and how much gentrification has taken place. To improve the environment survey would be to do an environmental survey at different parts of the year to see how well it?s being cleaned. Digital Photos Digital photos are used to give a picture of how clean and attractive the place really is. People judge a place by a picture and give us an accurate starting point to make assumptions from. We stood at each location and took a picture of the attractive bits and the derelict places. The data will be shown as pictures with a title of were it is. The limitations are we don?t have a massive library of different years of the Quayside to improve the quality of impressions. To improve the digital photos would be to take photos over a 5 year period. Sketches The sketches should only be used in complimentary role with annotations etc. as they convey little info without an explanation, depending on person?s artistic ability, only give a basic impression to what they sites look like. Sketches Provide evidence to back-up written notes, are used to provide visual clues/visually explain ideas conveying the regeneration of the quayside. Land Use Mapping It assess whether regeneration schemes fulfil the aim to be multi-purpose, are their a variety of land uses? They are used to compare land uses before and after. Has the regeneration changed? The land use of the area, provide evidence of any land-use zoning policies used as part of planning of the Quayside. The problems are its time consuming therefore because of constraints on time available they had to be completed using a data from previous year. Possibly inaccurate, secondary data, unreliable, cannot be identified how it was gathered. Give more time to do the Land use mapping so you don?t have to rely on previous year?s data. I will be using a sector diagram to show the data of land use mapping. Perceptions Perceptions identify how close people?s preconceptions are to their actual views after visiting and whether above/below expectations, differences between Newcastle/Gateshead. The problems are personal views only, biased only one person Secondary Data Copthorne Hotel Newcastle The Close, Quayside, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyneand Wear, NE1 3RT [image] The Copthorne Newcastle is a modern luxury hotel , situated on the city?s quayside. Set on the banks Of the river, this hotel provides modern comfort, A leisure centre and conference facilities. Our spectacular location is also convenient to the Motorway, airport and railway station. Enjoy the Shops and the many local attractions. Rooms from £115, 156 in totals Check In / Check Out â?¢ You may check in from 14:00hours. â?¢ You must check out by 12:00hours. Cancellations â?¢ Bookings must be cancelled 1 day in advance of your arrival date. â?¢ In the event of a no show or a cancellation with less than 1 day notice prior to the date of arrival, an amount equivalent to 100% of the total booking value will be charged Payment

Managing the Human Environment 7.7 of 10 on the basis of 3112 Review.