Investigation of Whether the Quality of Environment Changes with the Distance from the CBD in Lisburn

Investigation of Whether the Quality of Environment Changes with the Distance from the CBD in Lisburn
My Survey was going to be limited by time. We had to look at an area from the centre of the town to the edge. I chose a transect across the town, west to east. The total length of the transect is 2.5 km., selecting sample points every 100m on gridlines ? 12 western, 12 eastern. See map Appendix 1. We needed a map of the transect lines, data collection sheets, camera, clipboard and suitable clothing. History of Lisburn ====== The history of Lisburn as a town really begins in 1600. In that dramatic year scores of Irish chieftains were in arms against the rule of the English in Ireland, and among them was the chief of Killultagh whose stronghold the tiny village of Lis-na-garvoch ? formed the nucleus of the modern town of Lisburn. Of the great rebellion in 1641, in which Lisburn remained loyal to England and King Charles 1, the records have this to say: "More than 300 of the insurgents were slain in Bridge Street and 300 in Castle Street and in the meadows behind the houses." The rebels, unable to take the town, reduced it to ashes, whereupon the name of Lisnagarvey began to change to that of Lisburn. In 1707, another great fire halted the growth of Lisburn.
Once again it was reduced to ashes, this time even the great castle falling to the flames. The castle was never rebuilt, but its gardens remained to become the property of the people of Lisburn in the later nineteenth century. Strangely enough the Lisburn textile industries are indebted in no small measure to Louis xiv of France, for in 1685 that monarch began a campaign of persecution against the French Protestants, or Huguenots. These refugees who fled from France enrich many parts of Europe, but perhaps none as much as the Lagan Valley. History of Lisburn ====== Until well into the nineteenth century men such as the Crommelins and the Delacherois helped to manufacture linen which was equalled in few places, and bettered nowhere in the world. As a final item to this survey of Lisburn?s growth it might be informative to examine the distribution of shops and trades in a particular year. In the year 1819 ? the year for which most facts are available ? the most popular occupation was that of a shoemaker. There were no less than 44. Next came the 28 publicans, who outnumbered the grocers by four. As well as intoxicating beverages the town was well provided with meat, especially in the Smithfield area, which had 19 butchers, there were 16 carpenters, five schoolmasters, two surgeons, two physicians, four pawnbrokers, each of them strategically placed near Market Square, and about 11 bakers. [image]The busiest streets in 1819 must have been Bow Street and Bridge Street, for while the former boasted 11 of the town?s public houses, note that Bow Street is well removed from the higher class Castle Street in 1819, the latter had 12 of the town?s 24 grocers. History of Lisburn ====== In comparison with the present day, it seems that trade has largely swung away from Bridge Street to Bow Street, and perhaps now into Smithfield centre, for Bridge Street now no longer contains half of the town?s grocers. Bow Street is nowadays a thriving shopping area, whereas in 1819 it contained chiefly tradesmen such as carpenters and shoemakers. Plan ==== The aim of this project is to investigate whether the quality of environment changes with the distance from the cbd. To achieve my aim I reached 3 hypotheses: 1. The quality of the environment increases with the distance from the cbd. 2. The quality of the environment decreases with the distance form the cbd. 3. The quality of the environment stays the same with the distance from the cbd. In order to carry out my project I will carry out fieldwork in the urban area ? Lisburn. I decided on this project because it is local, interesting and local to the school. In planning the project I did some preliminary work. I decided that I was measuring the quality of the environment so I had to look at ways of measuring it. I looked at a school-based resource that helped me decide what I would measure and how I would score the environmental indicators. I decided to work with a partner because it saved time and our combined score gave us an overall average. Plan ==== Possible indicators: 1. Traffic 2. Density of buildings 3. Noise pollution 4. Amount of Chewing gum 5. Number of Road signs 6. Graffiti 7. Quality of roads and pavements 8. Amount of greenery/ open space 9. Street furniture 10. Litter I rejected the following because they were too hard to measure and we didn?t have the right equipment: 1. Noise pollution 2. Graffiti 3. Amount of greenery and open space 4. Street furniture The following were accepted: 1. Density of buildings 2. Litter 3. Chewing Gum 4. Traffic 5. Road Signs 6. Quality of Roads Plan ==== I decided on the following scoring system: * Scores 1 2 3 4 5 General Comments Density of Buildings Litter Chewing Gum Traffic Road Signs Quality of Roads Total for Sample Point Main Land Use Burgess
1 = Poor
5 = Excellent
I expect my results to appear in a graph similar to the following: [image] Burgess Model Sections Table ======== 1 cbd (central business district) 2 Transition zone 3 Blue-collar residential 4 Middle-income residential 5 Commuter residential Burgess Model Diagram ===== [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] Analysis ==== On the Western transect the highest score was 20 which was at sample points 11 and 5. The lowest score was 14.5 at sample point 9. To see the details of my results see Appendix 2. The totals for each sample point are represented in the graph below. [image] Analysis ==== On the eastern transect the highest score was 22.5 found at sample points 11 and 1. The lowest score was 11 found at sample point 14. The details of these results are displayed in Appendix 3. The totals for each sample point are presented in the graph below. [image] === [image] [image] [image] [image] Interpretation ====== The western sample points with the highest score are 11 and 5. Looking at my record table for sample point 11 I know that the main land use was residential, there were older early 20th century houses. There was litter starting and the roads were busy but well kept. Below are the scores for each of the indicators at sample point 11. [image] The eastern sample point with the highest score is at 11 and 1. Looking at my record table I have recorded the main land use as residential and public. Information on my data collection sheet (Appendix 4) shows me that at this point there was a road junction with busy traffic going to the motorway, traffic lights controlled the traffic but it was noisy. The houses were larger with gardens, driveways and garages. The houses were old and new in good order, early 20th century and late 20th century housing. Below are the scores for each of the indicators at this point. [image] Both of the highest scores are at either edge of the entire transect line. This could indicate that the quality of the environment is highest the further away from the cbd the area is. Conclusion == At the start of the investigation I expected to get a graph that showed the quality decreasing the closing into the cbd but increasing at the cbd itself. This was the graph I expected. [image] [image] [image] [image] [image] I made this assumption by looking at the burgess model, although the burgess model does not show the quality of the environment (it shows land use) once I new the main land use I could guess the quality. The cbd is the busiest part of the town because of the services. The shops want to attract people and because it?s expensive you would expect it to be an attractive area. The disadvantages would be the lack open space, and the litter due to the pedestrian zone, the busy traffic and noise. The transition zone, inner city housing and commercial score badly. But as you move closer to the edge of the town, the density of buildings is lower and there is open space and better houses. Conclusion == I found that my results were not of the same trend to what I expected, although I got the higher scores to be at the edge (Western 11-score of 20 and Eastern 11- score of 22.5) and at the at the cbd (Western 1-score of 18.5 and Eastern 1-score of 22.5), the scores in between weren?t as exaggerated as the 2 spikes illustrated in the graph above. I then put my results into tables (Appendix 5) to calculate a Spearman?s Rate of -1.1. As a result of my Spearman?s Rate I accept hypothesis 3 ? The quality of the environment stays the same with the distance from the cbd. Having carried out my study in Lisburn I have found that in Lisburn the quality varies with the distance from the cbd and that there is no certain increase or decrease from the cbd to the edge of the city. Evaluation -???- I have found that in doing this investigation I have learned more about Lisburn. I was able to get an answer and I applied theory to a practical situation. The disadvantages were that the map given to me wasn?t up to date and the sample points might not have been in exactly the right place. My partner and I might not have worked at the same standard and this could have affected our averages and therefore our results. I think that we should have done a North South transect line also to get a more accurate idea but we were limited for time. In the end I think I reached a satisfactory result without assuming too many things.

Investigation of Whether the Quality of Environment Changes with the Distance from the CBD in Lisburn 7.7 of 10 on the basis of 3019 Review.