Biome Research Project; Rainforest

Biome Research Project; Rainforest
Rainforest, a wet, hot environment thriving with life, is just what we wanted to research. Rainforest is so well known but has so many mysteries for us to discover. That is exactly why we choose to do the amazing rainforest to research.
The largest and most well known rainforests are in fact tropical, but they aren?t always tropical. Most rainforests are located near the equator. The largest rainforest covers about 1/3 of South America. There are also major rainforests in western and central Africa, Indonesia, Malaysia, and New Guinea.
Rainforests are one of the most valuable biomes for natural resources. Their diverse and abundant numbers of trees provide humans with timber and wood. These trees also provide fruits, vegetables, and nuts. All the minerals in these forests make lifesaving medicines.
Rainforests, following their name, are constantly wet and humid. It precipitates about 80in (200cm) per year, so thunderstorms are very frequent. It?s a wet season year round. The average temperature is 68̊F-93̊F (20̊-34̊C), and the level of humidity is 77-85%. The temperature and humidity levels change very little throughout the year. Shade from the vast numbers of trees; prevent 99% of sunlight to ever hit the ground.
Soils of the rainforest vary, but are generally nutrient poor. The topsoil layer is 2.5cm deep. However, many plants are still able to grow there, due to an abundant amount of moisture and sunlight.
The Kapok Tree towers above all trees in the rainforest at a massive 150 feet. This tree gives off an unpleasant odor, which bats are attracted to, so they can come and pollinate their flowers. Their umbrella shape crowns give shade and shelter to the forest. These trees are thriving with life, a home for every animal. But they are not only an amazing use for animals and other plants; these trees have always been used as a major resource to humans. They have cylindrical, straight, tall trunks that just happen to be an amazing color, and grains that are perfect for timber. Humans who live near these trees need ways of getting around the water, which is why they use these trees as dugout canoes. These trees are so large, they start at the rainforest?s under story and reach the tips of its emergent layer. These trees can be found in rainforests all over the world, but mainly it is found in the neo-tropics.
The rainbow lorikeet is a small, brightly colored parrot that can be seen and heard flying in the treetops of the tropical rainforest. You will find them in the treetops of their native land, the Australian rainforests. Their brush tip tongue was adapted to catch nectar and pollen, and their deeply hooked red bill is used for eating. These birds eat flowers, pollen, nectar, seeds, insects, and fruit. Their predators are falcon, whistling kites, and python. These birds usually live about 20 years, and in a flock of about 20.
One endangered species that lives in the tropical rain forest is the toucan. It lives in the Southern and Central American rainforests. The two main reasons this animal is becoming extinct, is the loss of its habitat and they are being captured and sold on the commercial pet market. If we don?t start to help them this animal will become extinct, and the brightly colored beaked bird will disappear from the world.
The rainforest holds many benefits for humans, because of its diverse plant life. Some of the many items it provides are timber/ wood, medicine, hardwood, herbs, rubber, cotton, and chemicals for drugs. These are items humans both need and want. Also, some of it comes from trees, some from plants, and some from flowers. However, we may be taking advantage of these, because much of the forest is being affected by deforestation, and we need to help stop it so we can still use its benefits.
The rainforest not only is beneficial to humans, but also to life on earth. In one way, twenty percent of the earth?s fresh water runs through the Amazon River per day. This allows many animals and plants to have drinking water all year. Also, the Choco?s rainforest contains eight thousand to nine thousand different plant species. So, the rainforest is the home for much of the life on earth. Destroying the rainforest would end in the loss of habitat for many animals.
Because of how many plants and animals and also how many valuable resources for the human race and for our economies are located and survive only in the rainforest, people are helping to save the rainforest. Sometimes humans get so overwhelmed at how many resources are in this biome that they will take out too many for their own greedy uses. One of the main resources being taken, that is endangering the rainforest, is trees. Trees provide oxygen, food and habitat for animals and plants. China, India, Thailand and Nepal have reforestation programs in place where young trees and seeds are planted to bring back life. The United Nations and the World Bank plan to spend billions of dollars to plant trees all over the world.
Like in so many other biomes, trees of the tropical rainforest have a mutualistic relationship with fungi, this is call mycorrhizae. One example of a case, fungi forms tread like extensions that grow into the tree?s roots. That helps the tree absorb water and nutrients better. The fungus is given sugars to live on in return. Both organisms, the tree and the fungi, give and get something.
A campaign that we hear a lot about is to ?save the rainforest?. We understand now that the people involved in that program really understand the magnificence of the rainforest. Not only for its beauty but how it provides so much to life on earth, we need the rainforest. Based on all the information we have researched, we have learned that this is absolutely true.

Biome Research Project; Rainforest 7.3 of 10 on the basis of 3895 Review.