The Use of Mangrove Areas in Thailand

The Use of Mangrove Areas in Thailand
Mangrove forests are a type of forest which is found along coastlines and river mouths where salty water and fresh water meets. They are affected by tides. Mangroves are also often found near the equator because they need warm oceanic currents. They also limited to the high humid climates between the tropic of Capricorn in the North and the tropic of Cancer in the south. Man uses mangrove forest areas in many ways. Firstly they use mangrove for herbs and making medicine. Secondly, they use mangrove for making weak wine and some food. Also, they use mangrove areas for farming/breeding fish, such as snappers, oysters and mussels. Finally, they use mangrove for living by using wood for charcoal, furniture and buildings. Sometimes people actions are sustainable which means they use mangroves but they don?t harm the environment.
For example in Krabi region are acting in a sustainable way by replanting them when they cut mangrove down and they don?t pollute the environment. Fishing and fish farming also considered as sustainable uses of mangrove areas because they don?t use chemical in the water and they also doesn?t catch small fish, they leave them to grow big and then catch it to keep it breeding, so they won?t be extinct in the area which will harm the environment. Unfortunately, sometimes people do not act in a sustainable way and which cause problems for the environment. The forests are being destroyed as a result of unsustainable actions such as using motorboat, throwing rubbish, making noise, taking leave or trees and taking photos with flashes, human settlements, road constructions, mining activity and shrimp farms. These actions cause problems. For example, the engine from motorboat can pollute the water, as can the rubbish, this pollution may kill the animals that live in the water or drink the water. Noises and the camera flash can disturb the animals in the mangroves too.Deforestation of Mangrove forests also affect in long term and short term. In short term, animals and plants nearby will be destroyed, soil will not be held by mangrove roots which will lead to major floods because rainwater will go directly down to the river, this also cause the river to get silk up because soil has been washed down to the river without anything stopping it. And in the long term of global effect, deforestation will causes the green house effect to the atmosphere because there are fewer trees to produce oxygen from photosynthesis process. If mangrove forest areas are to survive they will need to be protected. This could be done in many ways. The government should enforce laws to protect mangroves. People also can help by replanting mangroves when they use them and keep giving warnings and notices to tourists to make sure they don?t destroy the environment, this will work if everybody helps protecting the forests. Although, the government might also enforce a law to make zoning for the mangrove forest by splitting it into 2 zones, first one is the protected zone where nobody can change the land and another economic zone for developing but the developers must be careful, any trees those were cut down must be replanted.

The Use of Mangrove Areas in Thailand 7.2 of 10 on the basis of 4347 Review.