Environmental Effects of Fossil Fuels

Environmental Effects of Fossil Fuels
Fossil fuels are some of the most important environmental factors on the planet today. The fossil fuel industry is also one of the most profitable, important, and volatile in the world. Fossil fuels are essentially hydrocarbon deposits and include such energy sources as petroleum, coal and natural gas. Fossil fuels are the most widely used source of energy, but consequently, ruin the environment because they are extremely hazardous to the earth. The main components of their pollutants are carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur oxides including SO2 and SO3. Many of the environmental problems our earth currently faces are the result of the widespread use of fossil fuels.
Because of their aforementioned hazards, fossil fuels are the cause of a great amount of debate and controversy. On a political level, fossil fuel ownership and exporting can be a major political tool. The debate about fossil fuels all seems to stem form the fact that they are so environmentally unfriendly. When a fossil fuel is burned, or combusted, their impurities cause a release of pollutants into the air. Additionally, the combustion of fossil fuels also releases CO2 and water vapor. The pollutants from fossil fuels contribute heavily to global warming and the depletion of the ozone. In turn, this cause an increase in the earth?s climate.

Although carbon dioxide is emitted by the combustion of fossil fuels, it isn?t necessarily very harmful. Carbon dioxide is a natural by product of the human body. It can also be found in such things as the soda that we drink (Fossil Fuels 2005). Carbon dioxide is also the major catalyst in the process of photosynthesis that plants use to get their energy. While it is undeniable that fossil fuels can have a drastic negative impact on the earth, we should also acknowledge that there are benefits that come out of them.

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