The Effect of Environmental, Social and Political Conditions in Pre-Islamic Arabia on the Advent of Islam

The Effect of Environmental, Social and Political Conditions in Pre-Islamic Arabia on the Advent of Islam
The Effect of Environmental, Social and Political Conditions in Pre-Islamic Arabia on the Advent of Islam Arabia is a vast rectangular peninsula of about one million square
miles. It is located between the giant continents of Africa and Asia.
It is surrounded by bodies of water from three sides. from the east it
is surrounded by the Arabian Gulf, and from the west, the Red Sea, and
from the south it is surrounded by the gulf of Aden and the Indian
Ocean. The climate of Arabia is characterized by its dryness and high
temperatures. Arabia lacks forests and rivers and thus is a wild
mountainous area in which people led nomadic lives. The center of
Arabia is mostly desert with scattered oases and springs which provide
food and water for settlements.
The surroundings in which the people of Pre- Islamic Arabia lived in was corrupted and very harsh. Because this area was almost impenetrable, cultural diffusion rarely occurred thus peoples thoughts ideas and beliefs remained unaffected. But on the other hand the nomads were open minded as they traveled from place to place accessing new ideas. The people of Arabia were very insecure as they were prone to attack and therefore trusted no one but themselves, and due to the their close mind ness it was difficult for them to accept the new ideas that would be introduced by Islam. Pre Islamic Arabic was a period of ignorance and injustice. The society was permissive and many moral degradations existed. In the northern areas of Arabia it was a pastoral society, while in the north various permanent settlements existed. During this period ?Dark ages? women were treated as commodities and often traded. Husbands allowed their wives to have children from different fathers, and fathers often curried their daughters because of shame. The society was permissive and concubinage was openly practiced. Furthermore slaves were also treated as property and traded as possessions and were treated in an inhuman and unjust fashion. A variety of beliefs existed in this period. Many people were idolaters who embodies their beliefs in concrete figures. Two of their important gods were Al-Lat- who was the sun goddess, and Al Uzza who was very highly respected and was personified by Venus. These gods were represented in rocks, Aeros, Pieces of wood, carving and even drawings. In addition to this, to the north were Christian and Jewish tribes. Due to this corrupt environment, the people were indeed in a need of a guider, who would not only introduce Islam but would also bring new ideas and beliefs that would change the conditions of the pre-Islamic Arabia. [image]Mecca is the most holy city in Islam. The city is revered from being the first place created on earth, as well as the place where Ibrahim together with his son Isma?il, built the Ka?ba. The Ka?ba, the centre of Islam, is a rectangular building made of bricks. Because of it being a commercial center by origin it remained commercially viable to this day. The spring of Zam Zam, to which many tribes were drawn is located in Makka, which increased its importance. What makes Makka even more significant is the fact that it is Arabia?s most important place of pilgrimage. Mecca was a well-pretected and unavoidable stopping-off point for the caravan trade, it also offered a welcome respite for the weary travelers. The city witnessed the passage of caravans loaded with such precious goods as spices, silken cloth, precious wood weapons, pearls, ivory and slaves. Pre-Islamic Mecca was therefore a vast market place where both worldly goods and esoteric doctrines were exchanged. This is how the environmental, social and political conditions in pre-Islamic Arabia and especially mecca affected and contributed to the advent of Islam.

The Effect of Environmental, Social and Political Conditions in Pre-Islamic Arabia on the Advent of Islam 7.6 of 10 on the basis of 765 Review.