Debate on the Legality of Human Cloning

Debate on the Legality of Human Cloning
Today, the topic of cloning creates more argument than it has ever created before. The argument over cloning is based upon the fact that there are extreme opposing viewpoints on the subject. One of the major arguments offered against human cloning is that it will undermine human individuality. However, despite the popular opposition to human cloning, it is likely to remain an issue. Cloning is reproduction involving only one parent. Cloning occurs when a single cell from the parent organism begins to divide and develop in such a way that a new organism is produced. This new organism has exactly the same genetic make-up as its parent and is usually physically identical to its parent. In sexual reproduction, two parents are involved. Each contributes a sex cell or gamete. When these gametes join, the new organism begins to develop. A sexually produced organism will have a genetic make-up that is a combination of both of the parents. Physically it will display a variety of features, some inherited from each parent. Supporters of human cloning are not concerned that a cloned human being would be genetically identical to the person from whom he or she was cloned.
However, human cloning will undermine human individuality. One of the key features of each human being is that they represent a combination of genotype and interaction with the environment, which is unique. Uniqueness is a major factor of our humanity. It is claimed that even `identical twins?, are not completely genetically similar. It has been suggested that undermining the individuality or uniqueness of each human being may undermine respect for human life. This is because human cloning could lead society to regard all people as being replaceable or interchangeable. It has also been argued that cloning would offer medical advantages, especially in situations where transplants are required. People may have headless replicas of them cloned to supply them with transplant organs to overcome the problems created by age and disease. It has been argued that cloning human beings for the purpose of creating transplant tissue such as bone marrow or a kidney demeans the person cloned for this purpose. It took 277 attempts to produce the clone, Dolly the Sheep. Foetuses produced by cloning are ten times more likely to die in the uterus than those produced through sexual means. Cloned offsprings are three times more likely to die after birth than those produced by usual means. It these figures are hardly acceptable with animals, then for humans, it?s absurd. Mutations occur in ordinary body cells. They are generally not passed on to offspring produced by sexual means. This will obviously not be the case with cloning. In some situations this could lead to cancer and many other dangers such as abnormalities in development and premature ageing. Ian Wilmut and his colleagues, who cloned Dolly, have come out so strongly against human cloning. For them, cloning represents an experiment and they regard it as wrong to experiment on children. I strongly believe that human cloning should be illegal. The major argument supporting my belive is that it will undermine human individuality. The Age editorial of January 9, 1998, argued, `If it becomes possible to make copies ? of individuals, we might come to see individuals as disposable. We could eventually lose that which holds human societies together: the notion that all human beings are owed unconditional respect.?

Debate on the Legality of Human Cloning 8.1 of 10 on the basis of 1400 Review.