Environmental Factors

Environmental Factors
When a person is trying to place his or her seating, you have to acknowledge the four task situations (conversation, cooperation, coaction, and competition). When conversing with another person, you are most likely to sit directly across from each other. An example of conversation is when my roommate and I go eat. We do not sit side by side, unless somebody else is coming to eat with us. The opposite sitting arrangement to conversation is cooperation. During cooperation you are most likely to sit side by side because you are helping and showing each other useful information. Here on campus in the library, student union, lobbies of different departments were you could see cooperation at its best. I will use myself as an example because when I was a freshman and sophomore here at Appalachian State I had to go to study hall and get a tutor because of football. When I was getting tutored my tutor would not sit across the table from me she would sit beside of me because it felt like I was getting more out of the conversation.
However, the Intimacy Level between two people helps depend on were you sit. If a couple is very intimate then they are likely to sit side by side. But if a couple is not intimate but friends they will sit across from one another. When my girlfriend and I go out on a date we will sit across from each other. But, when I am at work I see older couples in there forties, sitting next to each other. But a place were Intimacy is not involved is the clubs, because alcohol is involved. Alcohol can increase the intimacy level between two not intimate people.
Another reason that makes people decisions are their seating arrangement is Personal and Personality differences. One example that I have seen is leadership. Leadership is seen everyday in our society. The leadership shows who is in charge of the situation at hand. You will see leadership in conferences, groups, meetings, classrooms when decision is involved, and at home at the dinner table. Also another example that I have is people who are extroverts. Extroverts tend to be outgoing, loud, talkable people. I am one of those people. So I see Extroversion everyday, an example is, ?I went to pick up my car from south parking lot. I saw this girl that was so ?fine?. I sat down beside of her instead of sitting in all of the empty seats around her. I felt I needed to do this to get her attention and to see if she would ask me to move. But, she did not ask me to move and she gave me her phone number.
Table shapes have an important affect on people?s conversations. Some people fell intimidated a round tables and more powerful at square tables. Also at a square table you can always see both eyes. Unlike at a round table you can only see one eye if their head is turned. Plus at a round table people will not pay full attention to other people?s conversations, because of the distractions of other people.
I have been to many offices that were either neat or clutter. I feel that if an office is cluttered it means that you are a very messy person or you have a lot of stuff and nowhere to put it. But if your office is neat then you have too much time on your hands, and you are a neat freak, or you have very good hygiene. An example of an office I have seen is Professor De Hart?s. Her office is so cluttered. It makes me scared to go inside it because I am afraid to touch anything because it might gall.
Other Environmental Factors are attractive mess, color, lighting, and temperature. Many times attractiveness says lots about a situation because most old houses that unattractive usually are cold and scary looking. Color probably pays the biggest role in the environment with communication. Colors illustrate mood that people are in. For example, I wear black a lot. Black usually means death, cold, or dark. But, I am not a cold, dark, gloomy person. If you have the lights in a dim when a girl comes over, she is going to suspect one thing is on your mind. With the lights being dim makes it a mellower mood and easier to communicate with. The classrooms in the business building are always cold and below room temperature. The reason why is because students are most likely to pay more attention when it is cold rather than hot. In a hot room student are going to get comfortable and go to sleep.

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