Water Pollution

Water Pollution
Most of the water pollution does not cause by the water itself. Creeks, lakes, oceans, and other form of water bodies would never built up substances which might bring negative effects to the living organisms by themselves. Indeed, human activities have a very big impact to the quality of water in our surrounding.
We consume water in our homes daily and our demands to it result in the contamination of water obviously. Sewage from the kitchen, bath-rooms, toilets, washing machine and others basically alter the quality of water. When we wash dishes by hand, take a shower, flush a toilet and wash clothes in washing machine, materials like oil, domestic wastes (leftover food), human feces or detergents may flow through the rivers and eventually end up in oceans. If sewage is not being treated properly before it released into waterways, it would lead to a negative effect to our ecosystem. Sewage that contains harmful bacteria might kill marine life. It might also become poisonous drinking water for human and animals in future.
Other than that, most of us use a wide range of fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals in our planting activities. We use fertilizers to improve the growth of plants, use insecticides for controlling insects and consume herbicides to control weeds in our gardens. However, most of us do not even realize these chemicals would generally washed into drains, groundwater and other form of water bodies. As a result, agriculture chemicals which could threaten the survival of living organisms on earth increase in the water bodies quickly. As a long-term effect, all living beings might suffer from the changes of their genetic structure, which also known as mutation.
When trash, no matter biodegradable or non-biodegradable, are not managed in a proper way such as litter them into the drain outside our house, water pollution happens. This is because all of these rubbish will be carried or flow into the street or town?s main drain then to the other form of water bodies. Plastic which considered as non-biodegradable rubbish, contributes to the problem a lot as they take hundreds years to decompose in the water. Moreover, they could lead to the death of sea organisms. For example, turtles which eat plastic remnants accidentally might suffocate and die. Due to improper disposal of trash, water is not only be polluted, water-related disease will occur too. According to the World Health Organization in 2007, water-related diseases could kill 135 million people by 2020. It is a serious issue that we all should concern about.
We can practice the 3R which are reduced, reuse and recycle to be more environmental steward with our water consumption. Firstly, reduce the use of detergent which contains a lot of chemical substance. We should choose laundry detergent which is low in phosphate instead of the conventional ones as excessive phosphate in cleaning agents could kill the fish or other living organisms in any water body. Other than that, it is better to use organic skin care products than to consume commercially produced soap or shampoo as the organic ones are made up of natural ingredients that were friendly to the environment and also to us. Papaya or coconut soaps are nice choices to replace those we using now.
We should reuse the leftover food. We make compose the waste such as left food and vegetables. It is save time and money; it is useful in gardening. Compost improves low quality soils effectively by adding organic matter and nutrients.
Next, we can recycle the garbage. We should always dispose of our trash properly, especially plastics. People should practicing recycling habit. Rubbish should be separated regarding to types such as paper, plastic and glass then send to recycling centers. We should put all litter in dustbin properly so it does not get washed into the storm sewers.
To stop the water pollution, we can maximize the usage of water. For example, water which we use to wash the vegetables or rice can be used in watering flowers or washing the floor, the usage of containers in our daily activities such as watering plants, brushing teeth and bathing could help a lot in reducing the waste of water. Besides that, native plants which require less water are also a good choice.
Today, there has been a drastic rise in world?s population. Water consumption is on the increase at the same time. However, most of us do not even notice that our daily activities contribute to water pollution. To build a better future for our next generation, the conservation of water should be practiced in our daily life from now on.

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