Speech on Water Fluoridation in Washington State

Speech on Water Fluoridation in Washington State
1.statement OF the problem: Washington State has a current public policy on the issue of fluoridation, which is too general a statement to unite the state and its population on the issue. This situation was witnessed recently when the city of East Wenatchee was split in its opinion on the issue. Situations such as these are occurring all over the state of Washington. Washington needs a sound public policy that unites the entire population of Washington. The purpose of this paper is to debate the arguments of both for and against, and create a public policy that can unite the state of Washington
2.evidence A problem exists:
A.Danger to Salmon: (1)?In a 1982-1986 study of salmon migration at John Day dam on the Columbia river by Damkaer and Dey. High salmon loss was caused by high levels fluoride concentration from an aluminum smelter 1.6km above the dam. The average
daily discharge of fluoride in 1982 was 384kg. This was associated, at the dam, with a
fluoride concentration of 0.5mg/L and a migration time of more than 150 hours and a 55% loss. In 1983, discharge was reduced to 107 kg/day. This was associated with a reduction of concentration to 0.17 mgF/L and the migration time to less than 28 hour with a loss of 11%. In 1985, fluoride discharge of 49kg/day was accompanied bay a concentration of 0.2 mgF/L and a Salmonid of 5%.? During the time of the study, however, John Day dam was constructing a fish ladder, which was completed in 1987. According to the Discovery Channel; (2) (not a direct quote) In order to construct a fish ladder onto an already existing dam, you must stop water from flowing through the dam or construction area. So water had to be rerouted, probably through the same tunnels used to reroute the river when the dam was built. This would provide an open path for fish to swim through which could account for the increase in salmon population. There is also the question of the missing year of research in 1984 which the author chose to leave out.
B.Washington is in a dental care crisis: The U.S. Surgeon general in May said tooth decay is the single most-critical and common child-hood disease. (3)?A statewide group that formed in response to the Surgeon General?s report, the Campaign for Children?s Oral Health, reported the following: Only one in five children ages 3 and under who are eligible under Medicaid ever sees a dentist. About 40 percent of those who work in the state do not have dental insurance. One in seven of all low-income children in the state has inadequate or nonexistent dental care. That rate is 50% higher than the national average.?
C.Fluoridation raises crime rates: According to research by Myron J. Coplan of 24 cities in the Massachusetts/New York area: (4) ?communities using silicofluorides report higher rates of learning disabilities, adhd, violent crime, and criminals who were using cocaine at the time of arrest.? When one looks at the type of communities which need fluoride the most: (poor & uneducated) this is unsurprising.
3.causes OF the problem:
A.Many people are uneducated: Most people are uneducated about fluoride and are therefore apposed to it.
B.Washington is in a dental care crisis: The U.S. Surgeon general in May said tooth decay is the single most-critical and common child-hood disease. (3)?A statewide group that formed in response to the Surgeon General?s report, the Campaign for Children?s Oral Health, reported the following: Only one in five children ages 3 and under who are eligible under Medicaid ever sees a dentist. About 40 percent of those who work in the state do not have dental insurance. One in seven of all low-income children in the state has inadequate or nonexistent dental care. That rate is 50% higher than the national average.?
C.Environmentalist Fear for Nature: Many environmentalists think that fluoride is dangerous to the environment. (see 2A above)
D.History of problem: (5)Fluoride was first introduced into public water supplies in 1945. It was hailed as one of the ten greatest health achievements of the last century. As of 1989, 62% of the United States Population lived in areas served by fluoridated drinking water supplies.
4.conflicting players:
A.Dentists: Many dentists can?t afford to accept patients on Medicaid. They support fluoridation because (6) in communities where fluoridation was introduced, tooth decay was reduced by up to 65%. Fluoridation is safe, in order for a small child to experience toxic effects from fluoride; he/she would have to ingest 2 tubes of toothpaste.
B. Environmentalists: Most environmentalists are against fluoridation because of much research done to go against fluoridation. They generally dislike adding any outside elements to Nature.
C.Charles Cruickshank: The Head of the Water resources department, city of Cashmere. Charles is against fluoridation because not only would he have to put fluoride in at the source, he would have to put it in at different parts of town. He said ?if one of those parts was to break down it could put more fluoride in the water than is safe.? Mr. Cruickshank was also cautious when it came to chlorinating parts of the city water districts.
D.Alexis Smart: Consumer/Mother against fluoridation. She believes that the problem comes from the poor, young mothers who put pop and kool-aid into baby bottles.
E.Children: Many need dental care but generally don?t know what fluoridation is. They are un-knowingly for fluoridation.
F.Local and State Government: Don?t like spending millions of tax dollars on Medicaid for dental care. They can see the good that can come from fluoridation.
5.current public policy:
(7) 57.08.012 The policy states that a water district can decide to fluoridate the water systems of their district. They can also let the voters decide whether or not they wish to have fluoridated water.
6.alternative policies:
A.Alternate Dental Care: (8) A company formerly know as ?Wow Labs? has developed a small, chewable tablet that changes the PH of teeth called Yow. Regular use prevents plaque from sticking. The State could research this product so that it could be diluted into water systems. The dentists would get healthier patients while the environmentalists wouldn?t have fluoride in the water.
B.Fund Programs to raise awareness: Washington could fund programs to raise awareness on fluoridation. If Chelan and Douglas counties alone adopted fluoridation laws because of this, it could save up to 2 million dollars per year on Medicaid.
C.Outlaw Fluoridation: This would serve the purposes of the environmentalists and uneducated voters.
7.prefered policy:
A.Selected Policy: Fund Programs to raise awareness:
1) This Policy would save the state Money that would normally be spent on Medicaid.
2) One of the causes of the problem is that people are uneducated when it comes to fluoridation; this policy attacks the problem at the cause.
3) The Dentists would be better off because they wouldn?t lose as much money by serving Medicaid patients. The patients would also be better off because they would have healthier teeth.
B.other policies:
1)Alternative Dental supplements:
This would not work because the entire fluoridation debate would start over again with the new drug. It is also hard for people to trust in a medicine named ?yow?.
2)Outlaw Fluoridation:
This would not work because 62% of the U.S. already uses fluoridated water, outlawing fluoridation would only cause the tides to turn around in the fluoridation debate and probably just cause even more contention.

Speech on Water Fluoridation in Washington State 9.8 of 10 on the basis of 3977 Review.