Deforestation in Amozonia

Deforestation in Amozonia
The Amazon rainforest in Brazil is the world largest rainforest with over 30 million different species of plants, animals and insects. The rainforest used to cover of the earths surface but today only covers . This is mainly because some parts of the forest are being rapidly deforested because the forest is so useful to so many people. Deforestation provides benefits for many different companies which wish to make large amounts of money. Also Brazil owes large amount of Depts. and so the government believe that by developing the forest it will help to contribute towards the payment of these depts. Nevertheless it causes many problems for the ecosystems of the forest and the world. Deforestation in Amazonia has led to many conflicts between different groups of people. Some people argue that deforestation has its economic benefits and that developing the Amazon will have benefits for the people and economy of Brazil. However certain groups like world wildlife fund (wwf) are concerned because large amounts of animals and plant are becoming extinct. They argue that it is a global mistake and that in the long term this will only cause more problems for Brazil and the rest of the world.
The best uses of the rainforest are those that help the people to improve their standard of life help the country to become more developed and wealthier and use the rainforest in a sustainable way so as not to damage the ecosystems of the rainforest. In order to draw up a conclusion to how the rainforest should be preserved I will look at the different types of uses of the Amazonia rainforest. Two uses of rainforest I am going to look at are: ? Clearing the forest to get at valuable minerals in the rocks under the forest such as iron ore and bauxite. ? Leaving the forest for the tribes who have lived in the forest for thousands of years. One of the developments that have taken place in the Amazon is mining. Large amounts of minerals such as iron ore, gold, copper, bauxite and other minerals can be found in the grounds of the rainforest. People in the developed counties buy these raw materials for many purposes such as car manufacturing. The mining helps people to improve their living standards as there are many jobs created in the mines. Because more jobs are created the people will have much more spare money which they can spend in shops, restaurants, banks e.t.c. This will cause a multiplier effect as more people will be spending more money and so more jobs will be created such as waitress. Because labour is cheap the employers will not have to pay the workers much money and so there will be more workers. The people who get this job think it is a good way to develop the rainforest as they earn a lot more money than they were earning which helps them improve their living standards. The mining also helps Brazil become more developed as it strengths the economy of Brazil. The minerals can be sold to different countries which will bring income. Also the foreign companies which own mines in the rainforest would have to pay tax. The money from this would contribute towards developing the country. The workers would also have to pay tax which would help improve roads, hospitals, schools. e.t.c Because the people would be better educated for some jobs such as teaching there would be no need to employ foreigners and so this would save money as the local person would not be paid as much as the foreign teacher. There are countless number of other reasons to how developing mining can help the economy of Brazil. The government approves of this way of developing the region as a lot more money is coming in. As well as having its advantages the mining has many drawbacks which should be considered. The most obvious is that it spoils the rainforest. Large hectares of trees have to be cleared in order to get at the minerals. This includes using heavy and loud machinery. The noise made by the machines could scare large numbers of animals and people who live in the rainforest. Also in many cases chemicals are used to extract the minerals. These chemicals could then poison the water supplies which large numbers of animals and people depend on. Because of mining the tribes who live in the rainforest have had to adapt to a complete new way of life and therefore the culture and traditions practiced for generations is dying out. Mining also causes noise, air and visual pollution. In order to build the mines thousands of acres of forest have to be cleared. The cutting down of trees will kill countless numbers of vegetation and animals. Because of this the ecosystems of the forest are in danger and many species of plants and animals could face extinction. By reducing the number of trees the level of oxygen decreases as there are not as many trees to give out oxygen. However this increases the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as the trees are not there to take in the carbon dioxide. (Photosynthesis) This uneven outs the balance in the atmosphere and leads to global warming and an increase in world temperature. Although the impact of this is not very obvious today in the future the consequences of this will be very severe as one third of the world?s oxygen comes from the rainforest The clearing of trees means there is no canopy to protect the soil from heavy rainfall. This results in much of the soil being washed away and a decrease in soil fertility as many nutrients get washed away. This causes a huge problem for the people who live in the rainforest as they grow crops beneath the canopy. Also By clearing the trees this can lead to flooding as the trees are not there to intercept water. This could cause major damage to the ecosystems and to the homes of many people therefore environmentalist are opposed to this idea of managing the rainforest as it is not a sustainable way to use the forest. Environmentalists would not support this idea as it is not a sustainable method to use the rainforest. However the government would want to us this method as it brings a lot more prosperity to the country. Another use of the forest is by tribes of local people. These people have lived in the forest for thousands of years and the forest supplies them with all their necessities such as food, clothes and medicines. By leaving the forest to the tribes this will not help the local people improve their standard of living as the tribes want to carry on living how they have for thousands of years and are reluctant to change. By leaving the rainforest for its natural inhabitants it does not really contribute towards developing the country as the amount of wealth coming into the country stays the same. The tribe people are happy to stay this way but the rest of the people wouldn?t be as it does not improve their lifestyle. However this is a sustainable way of managing the rainforest as the tribe people use a method of slash and burn which does not harm the environment much. It involves cutting down a small area of land to grow cops and then after a few years moving on to a different spot. Environmentalists would support this idea as it does not harm the rainforest and ecosystems. However the Brazilian people who want to see an improvement in the country would be opposed as it does not help develop the country. In my opinion the best way the people and economy of Brazil can benefit from the rainforest is to develop tourism. This way the forest can be used in a sustainable way and also benefit the region. By making the rainforest a tourist attraction Brazil could earn large amounts of money. Foreign visitors could admire the natural beauty of the rainforest and also see the different species of plants and animals which no where else on earth can be found. Also the rainforest offers many recreational activities such as bird watching and water activities. The rainforest could also be used by different organizations which want to use the rainforest for educational purposes Only parts of the rainforest could be opened to tourism. This way the native people who live in the rainforest traditions and lives would not be affected.. Tourism would help the people of Brazil improve their living standards as many more jobs would be created in the tertiary sector. Hotels, souvenir shops, restaurants, tour guides would be needed for the tourist. This would mean that more food is needed therefore the local farmers would also benefit as they would be selling more crops. As there will be more jobs created the people will have much more spare money which they can spend in shops and restaurants. This will cause a multiplier effect as more people will be spending more money. If more jobs are created this will increase the amount of tax money the government is receiving. This money along from the income of tourism could help to improve roads, health care, education and housing. Also it would solve many other problems such as overcrowding in certain places as the people would be reluctant to move away as many new opportunities would be provided. I think my proposal is better than the other uses of the rainforest as it ensures that the rainforest is used in a sustainable way but also benefits the people and economy of Brazil. All the rest of the uses do not at least meet one point. So therefore both the environmentalist and the people and government of Brazil would be content.

Deforestation in Amozonia 7.8 of 10 on the basis of 2611 Review.