Approaches in Psychology

Approaches in Psychology
Approaches in Psychology Nervous system: The nervous system is the body?s information gatherer, storage centre and control system Hormones: Hormones are chemicals produced in the cells that produce a specific effect in the body. An example is adrenalin, which causes the heart to beat faster. Genes: a length of dna that codes for a specific characteristic such as eye colour The Psychodynamic Approach: Superego (moralistic): is the conscience or the internal moral judge. It is the basis of all of our moral attitudes (what is right or wrong), conscience and our sense of guilt. Ego (rational): is mostly conscience and deals with external reality by functioning both in the perception of and adaptation to reality ID (sexual and aggressive urges): (fully unconscious) contains the drives and those things repressed by consciousness
The Behavioural Approach: Nurture: the sum of the influences modifying the expression of the genetic potentialities of an organism Reinforcement: reinforcers are certain stimuli that cause an organism to repeat an act more frequently Conditioning: occurs when a response becomes more frequent or more predictable in a given environment as a result of reinforcement The Humanistic Approach: ======== Free will: The power of making free choices that are unconstrained by external circumstances or by an agency such as fate or divine will. ================= Consciousness: The state or condition of being conscious, and aware of surroundings Self-actualisation: making real or giving the appearance of reality in oneself The Cognitive Approach: -?????????? Computer model: Computers can be used to trey and model the human brain and explain that as with a computer, lots of different operations can be triggered by different stimuli such as on a computer hitting a specific key, or with the brain, a certain smell that can remind you of something Cognitive: relating to the process of acquiring knowledge by the use of reasoning, intuition, or perception. If an organism is cognitive, it is able to know, think and perceive.

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