Great Awakening

Great Awakening
The Great Awakening was when religion was sweeping throughout New
England with more conversions and church membership. This spiritual
awakening took place from 1735 up until 1745. (Brief Outline Notes on the
Great Awakening, 1735-45 ) Most of this had taken place within the American
Colonies, especially New England.(McCormick, pars. 9) . The Great Awakening
had many causes, however the consequences benefitted many.
Many people were moving farther and farther away from religion, the
Great Awakening was a revitalization that had tried to change that. There was a
huge decline in church membership and the church wanted people to get back to
god. As well as the Enlightenment, this was a time period where many people
were using reason to receive their answers. Instead of relying on the church for
answers they used science and math (Brief Outline Notes on the Great
Awakening, 1735-45 ).In 1688, the Church of English became the primary
religion of the country. Many other religions were infact repressed. Basically,
people were becoming bored of the religion and it just became a past time for
them. They didn`t worship god from their heart. This led to the decline of
attendance in church, memberships were decreasing as the years passed by
(Great Awakening).
To create change in such phenomenons, many minsters such as Thomas
Foxcroft gave sermons outside. People were actually eager to see him, he was
infact received by the chuches of Galatia. He presented something that didn`t
drone on and bore the people. He noticed that people didn`t really know much
about Christ, so he decided to pass it on. Another minister named Jonathan
Edwards, gave such passionate sermons that it brought many peoples attention
(Great Awakening).George Whitefield, a histronic man with a very loud voice.
His sermons were heard by Benjamin Franklin, who was a worldy man, but his
opinion was changed from this preacher. Another principle leader in the south
of the Awakening was Samuel Davies from Virginia. He read to his neighbors
the sermons of Whitefield and Luther. He preached moderately, however it`s
effect was numerous. The passionate sermons of these people led to the revival
of religon. More people came to church for the worship of god from their heart.
These ministers and preachers helped cause the Great Awakening that led to
many benificial consequences.(Lecture 4).
The work of these ministers and preachers paid off because of the
satisfactory results. A major result was the unification of many Americans
through religion. As well as the understanding of Christian faith and life. Many
non- established groups grew and enjoyed much more respect,such as the
Baptists, Methodists and Presbyterians(Lecture 4). The colonists also figured out
that they can do things on their own. They didn`t need others to interpret the
bible for them. This helped the colonists fight back against George iii and his
tyrannical ways. They put in religious control over the destiny over their nation
and instead of asking the church about independence, they sought help from
god (Great Awakening).Colonists had infact also figured out that any man can go
to heaven. Even if they have money or not, religion apparently back then
stressed equality, this led to disturbances to the rich(McCormick, pars. 12).
The Baptists benifitted the most from the Great Awakening. The Baptist
churches increased enormously after the revival. In 1740 there were 96
churches, however after 1780 there were 457. They had more churches
than the Anglicans in a few years. There was an expansion of the churches
in the south region where the Carolinas were. More people started converting
and actually going to church. The church of England was decreasing, the
Baptists began replacing them. This led to other types of religions as well
(Cause and Effect The First Great American Awakening)
Education was also another beneficiary act of the Great Awakening.
Harvard, Yale and Willian and Mary were not the only colonial colleges. Many
more were created such as Princeton by the Presbyterians in New Jersey, 1746.
Brown University was founded by Baptists in Rhode Island, 1754. Ministers
weren`t up to standard level, they attended these schools to receive a better
education on religion. This way the passing of the correct information about god
and worshipping him would be passed down. Also, that education should be for
all not just the privledged. (Cause and Effect The First Great American
Awakening)
A better understanding of people and equality was established through
religion. Many people started believing discrimination against the blacks and
others were sinful. George Whitefield, one of the people who was a passionate
speaker about religion preached to the Blacks. The exangelical experience was
the same to whites and blacks. During the General Conference of Methodism,
expulsion from the society was an effect from slave holding (Lecture 4).
A loss of power of the Ministers and clergy was an effect of the Great
Awakening. The Ministers and the Clergy were not able to control the direction
of religious life. This led to a religion to being a choice instead of being forced to
be something you don`t care much for. More people enjoyed the sermons and
actually felt good about it as well. This was an end to theocracy and a beginning
to democracy (Lecture 4).
Great Awakening was time period where many of the people received
more choices. A time where religion was revitalized. This time was very
prosperous for many people especially the colonies. Increase in religion,
education,understanding of equality, and a beginning to democracy were
many of the effects from the Great Awakening.

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