The Social Readjustment Rating Scale

The Social Readjustment Rating Scale
The Social Readjustment Rating Scale The Social Readjustment Rating Scale (srrs) was developed by Holmes
and Rahe (1967). This scale uses a variety of life events rated on a
scale of 0-100, with death of spouse at 100, being the most stressful
of the events on the scale. The values of all the experienced events
are then added together to give a total stress score. A number of
studies have shown that people?s illness rates increase following
increase rates in stress scores. However, a number of items on the
scale are vague e.g. ?personal injury or illness? appears to suggest
that someone could have the same stress score for flu and cancer.
Second, there is no general failure to consider the impact of an event
on an individual. Christmas is considered to be a mildly stressful
event, yet to some people, Christmas may seem extremely stressful, as
it may emphasise their loneliness. There is also failure to
distinguish between desirable and undesirable events. For example
pregnancy, could be much desired for a couple who are planning a
family, yet it may seem a disaster to a single mother who is
struggling with life as it is. This is critical, as research has shown
that undesirable events are correlated with illness, but desirable
events are not.
There are other problems in the use of this scale. For example, there is a problem of inferring cause and effect, as the scale only suggests that the life events and illness are correlated. These major life events are also relatively rare and therefore cannot be a major cause of our day-to-day stress. According to Hopson (1981), there are different transitional routes for individuals coping with positive and negative life events. Each has the same potential for a later crisis because they are ?life-stressors?, but the likely adjustment outcomes are different. Hopson?s model is important because unlike the Holmes and Rahe model, it distinguishes between responses to positive and negative events, and focuses on transition and recovery rather than a static relationship between life event and stress reaction. It also acknowledges that positive life events such as marriage or the birth of a child has as much potential for psychological disruption as negative events.

The Social Readjustment Rating Scale 6.8 of 10 on the basis of 3108 Review.