The War in Vietnam

The War in Vietnam
Why did the usa become increasingly involved in The war in Vietnam? In 1950, the usa was obsessed with stopping communism from spreading in South East Asia. Every one was anti-communist in the usa and they were very worried about the domino theory. The domino theory was a 20th Century foreign policy theory that speculated if one land in a region came under the influence of communists, then more would follow in a domino effect. The domino effect says that some small change will cause another change nearby, which then will cause another change, and so on, to a falling row of dominos. The final declaration of the Geneva agreement on the 21st July, 1954, on restoring peace in Indo-China, the representives of Cambodia, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, France, Laos, the United Kingdom, and usa took part. The usa did not want this to take place.
As the 1960?s began the North Vietnamese declared their intention of liberating South Vietnam from the US imperialist. As the Guerrilla attacks started they had a big effect on the North Vietnamese but they tried to blame it on the South even though it was the newly formed Vietcong who were an anti-communist government. The usa increased its involvement after a while when things started to get worse. Even with more support from the US, Ngo Dinh Diem?s government made more mistakes. They tried to separate all of the villagers from the Vietcong by creating ?Strategic hamlets? or fortified villages that the Vietcong could not get in to. A lot of the people from the villages did not want to leave the lands hey had farmed for a long time or leave the graves of their family that had died unattended. Buddhist protests over the flying of the flags on the Buddha?s birthday ended with the South Vietnamese civil guard opening fire. The protests that followed were that a Buddhist, monk Quang Duk, committed suicide in the street by setting himself on fire and burnt to death at the persecution of Buddhists by the South Vietnamese government. The government of Diem did not take much notice of this and then they lost any other support. The US started to get impatient and did nothing to prevent a military coup in November 1963. Ho Chi Minh argued that the opposition forces in South Vietnam should concentrate on organising support instead of carrying out acts of terrorism against Diem?s government. In 1959, Ho Chi Minh sent his adviser, to visit South Vietnam. He returned to tell Ho Chi Minh that Diem?s imprisoned the leaders of the opposition was successful and that unless North Vietnam encouraged armed resistance, they would never get a united country. Ho Chi Minh agreed to supply the guerrilla units with aid. He encouraged the different armed groups to join together and form a more powerful and more effective organisation. They agreed to do this and in December, 1960, the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam was formed. The nlf was made up of over a dozen different political and religious groups. Although the leader of the nlf, Hua Tho, was a non-Marxist and a lot of his people were communist. After this came the Guerrilla war. This is where the Vietcong would use tactics to destroy the South Vietnamese government forces. The Ho Chi Minh trail was formed and they could use this to get from one place to another without being seen. President Kennedy helped the South Vietnamese a lot and sent advisers and money to them. After this Ngo Dinh Diem was assassinated because he was overthrown by a military coup. The generals had promised Diem that he would be allowed to leave the country they changed their mind and killed him. He was replaced by Nguyen Van Thieu, the chief of staff of the Armed Forces of South Vietnam. Then on November 1963 another incident dramatically changed the level of US involvement. President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. He had always kept the level of US military support low. He was replaced by President Lyndon B Johnson. He wanted a great society in the usa. Instead he found himself facing a ?bitch of a war? on the other side of the world Following the Gulf of Tonkin incedent, Lyndon Johnson was up for election that year, launched retaliatory strikes and went on national television on August 4th. Although the uss maddox had been involved in providing intelligence support for South Vietnamese attacks at Hon me and Hon Ngu, Johnsons secretary of defence, Robert McNamara, went before Congress and denied that the United States Navy was supporting South Vietnamese military operations. He thus characterized the attack as ?unprovoked.? He also claimed before Congress that there was ?unequivocable proof? of an ?unprovoked? second attack against the Maddox. In February 1965 an attack on American base in Pleiku in which 9 Americans were killed and 67 were injured led to the US getting more involved. A bombing campain in March 1965 began with the onset of Operation rolling thunder and in the same month the first US soldiers arrived to defend th Da Nang airbase and its perimeter. The US was now commited to a war which was to involve them for the next eight years.

The War in Vietnam 8 of 10 on the basis of 2902 Review.