The Relationship Between Poor People and Poor Places

The Relationship Between Poor People and Poor Places
Poverty is seen as a group of different kinds of deprivation. These forms of deprivation are patterned by a series of urban processes, which lead to greater concentration of problems in particular places. The area affects poor people, because the experience of living in a poor area can make people more vulnerable to poverty. People living in poor areas are disadvantaged in their experiences and command over resources. The concept of poverty is a contested one, and many different constructions have been placed on it (Spicker, 1999). The relationship between poor people and poor places is ever constant. Poverty implies for some, a lack of resources, for others, a constellation of needs (Baratz and Grigsby,1971), while for others, poverty is a social position related to the ability to participate in society (Townsend, 1979).
Poor communities are typically neglected, lacking the infrastructure and services provided for the better of. Places where poor people live present multiple disadvantages. Main problems are problems of social relationships, gender relations, economic status, lack of security and the capabilities of the poor. All these social problems are factors in when you are poor and have a direct relationship with living in poor places, because in poor places these are the problems that remain. Poor people can be seen to have a direct relationship to poor places because of a process of selection, which exclude poor people from more desirable areas and leaves them towards less desirable ones. Being poor and living in poor areas, pushes poor people towards segregation which can be seen as social exclusion. Poor people are brought together by their inability to choose. As poor people they can?t sustain living in desirable housing, they are left with least desirable housing. Bringing the poor together into one area, can have a dramatic affect on the area, society will label the area as poor. The council and social services can be responsible for bringing poor people to a specific area which will be labelled by others as a poor place. When there are problems in an area, poverty can make them worse. In part, this happens because poor people are likely to be people with other problems, they may be poor because they are unemployed, mentally ill, single parents or have low educational background. Concentrating poor people in particular places, can develop a bad reputation. A lack of resources for that particular area can lead to other problems. Poor people are associated with poor housing conditions such as lack of resources may mean problems of heating, dampness, lack of maintenance and poor commercial facilities in the immediate locality. Some places which are designed for the better off tenants has proved to be inadequate for poorer people, high rise buildings, which have been successful for some groups, are associated with isolation, poor maintenance and a lack of play space. The problems of living in a bad area are greater when one is poor. It It can be known that areas can cause poverty, if the social processes associated with an area create or shape the problems of poverty. Housing built near industrial estates has been associated with people with low incomes and inadequate local services. Industrially built housing has been associated with structural defects, inadequate estate design, faults in the internal design of dwellings, noise, and these problems are often associated with social problems. Facilities and local services in the area which depend on economic income like food shops, post offices, and other type of shops are less likely to survive in poor places. Investment in those areas is very low or none existent due to the fear of crime and no income in those areas for businesses to survive. Living in certain areas can be seen as a direct effect, on the services they receive. Middle class areas have a greater resource base but lower needs. Reputation of an area may also have an effect on its resources. People who live in areas which are identified as poor places, often find it difficult to get credit, insurance premiums may be higher because of high crime rate in the area. People living near higher numbers of people who are unemployed affects job prospects, there is a relationship that places of high unemployment are regarded as not affluent areas and regarded as poor places. People who live in particular areas are more likely than people in other areas to be poor as a consequence of the place where they live. It can be noted that people who are on higher incomes in lower income areas have greater vulnerability to crime, such as burglary, robbery, motor vehicle theft and vandalism. Fear of crime can be directly associated with the perception of the physical deteoriation of an area. Local community resources can play a major part in the perception of an area, whether it seems to be affluent or not. Crime is seen as a major player in poor places it contributes negatively to an area, it can cause immense social problems to the locality of an area. Poor places are likely to have more poor people than other areas. Poor areas are easily identifiable in terms of their characteristics, they have poor housing, a run down environment, no security, low status, high unemployment, and no local initiatives that will help the area become more liveable for the poor. Lack of community resources, the increased competition for places in the labour market, and the effect of stigmatisation on command over resources. This can effect an area considerably. Poverty of an area can be understood in individual terms. Poverty is not always confined to individuals. Poor places don?t have the support they should get, more affluent areas are given the support they need. Local services play a vital part in the area they serve, public services are on the front line in dealing with problem areas. The police, council, social services and other agencies can play a vital role in keeping an area from diving into poverty. The police can enforce and maintain an area by keeping the crime rate low, by tackling drug related problems and other types of street crimes, high visibility policing is seen as very beneficial to areas with problems. The police can improve poor places by creating initiatives that will bring the community together. Poor people often feel neglected by the police and other social agencies therefore the police should work closely with the poorer people in poorer places. The council can play a vital role aswell, in keeping areas clean and hospitable, also by developing good housing practice. The council have many departments within, which deal with issues regarding housing, and social welfare. The council has the overall responsibility to regenerate poor places and help the poor people who are living there. The social services are important in helping out a community in many ways, by providing them with money, employment and other benefits. There are many other organisations that help regenerate poor places and give assistance to the poor. There is a relationship between poor people and poor places. Wherever there is poor people in a particular area, problems will arise. Poor places are evident by the characteristics they posses which I have explained in this essay. In this essay I have defined the term ?poverty? which is being poor and living in poor places by where everyday needs cannot be met. I have also covered other factors regarding poor people and poor places. In the conclusion in this essay I can say that there is a relationship between poor people and poor places.

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