Public Speech

Public Speech
1. To give a good speech you must adapt your speech to your audience. There are two steps in the adaptaion process. First, there is preparation before the speech. This is done may times by having your audience fill out an audience analysis form, this will give you the demographics on your audience and allow you to adapt your speech accordingly. The second part of adapting your speech is during the speech. This is done by paying attention to your audience while you are giving the speech. You must adapt your speech so that the audience is able to understand and are convinced by our speech. Also, you need to assess how you think the audience will respond to what you are saying.
2. There are several ways to gauge the soundness of information found on the internet, one way is to check the authorship. If the author of the particular piece of work has good credentials then it is a viable piece of work. Also, one can check the site that the article or report is sponsored by, if the site is accurate then one can be sure that the information found there is accurate as well.

3. Suppose you have to do an informative research paper on world hunger, one could go about it many ways. First you should fall back on all the information you already know. The library and the internet would both be very helpful in researching the topic. In the library one could use encyclopedias, as well as books on the topic of world hunger. It is possible to use periodicals and magazine articles from the library too. The web would also be a good source of information. You could use various search engines to find sites on world hunger, but you must be careful that the sites you visit are viable. An alternative is going to an already established site, such as cnn, and then search those sites for an article about the topic.

4. When using statistics in your speech you should always make sure that you information is accurate. You should also make sure not to use too many statistics, or your work will get too bogged down with numbers. You should also make sure that the statistics you gather are representative of the total number of people in the group. You should always identify the sources of your statistics, to prove to your audience that your information is accurate. It is also a good idea to explain your statistics and why they are important to you specific purpose. Also, if statistics are complicated and go to the second or third decimal position you should round them off to the first whole number, so that it will make your information easier to understand.

5. There are five basic patterns of organizing the main points in your speech. The first is chronological order, this tells the events in the order of which they happened; this is mainly used in informative speeches. The second type of organization is spatial order, points arranged in this manner follow a directional pattern, for example: explaining the basement of a building, on up to the top floor; this is mainly used in informative speeches. The third pattern of organization is casual order, casual order is a cause-effect pattern; first telling the cause of an event, then explaining the effect; this can be used in either informative or persuasive speeches. Another pattern of organization is problem-solution order, this pattern first explains the problem, then offers possible solutions; this type of organization is mainly used for persuasive speeches. The last pattern to organizing your points is topical order, this is when you divide your main topic into sub-topics, explaining each subtopic; this organization method can be used easily with any speech.

6. The purpose of the introduction is to inform the audience on what your speech is about and to grab their attention and interest. In the introduction you also want to establish your credibility. To accomplish these tasks you can go about it in many ways, you can grasp the audience?s attention by using vivid descriptions and colorful language. You can also establish your credibility by telling the audience how you got the information on your topic, what methods you used in your research and how you came to choose your topic.

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