Evacuation of Children in World War I

Evacuation of Children in World War I
There are many reasons why children in the First World War were evacuated. One of the main reasons was the fear of bomb and gas attacks. This was a big problem because the advancement in technology since the First World War the government knew and expected that cities would be bombed, and thought that gas would be used. Early on it was made clear that an invasion was imminent and that when the war started there would be devastating air raids. there was however a new fear the fear of gas from the air. So early posters showed women and children against a backdrop of devastation. It was feared that there would be many casualties and lots of them would be children. After Dunkirk in 1940 Britain was close to invasion. So pressure was put on parents to send the children to the safety of the countryside. The government knew that if they called off the evacuation and let the children stay in the cities when the air raids started there would be lots of deaths because of collapsing buildings.
also the damaged buildings would not be safe. Because children would play on them and this could cause more deaths. This will also make lots of panic around the cities and people will not know what to do. So if the parents sent their kids away they would not have to worry about them. Because they would know that they would be far away from the air raids and not in any danger at all. So there would not be as much panic. Mothers didn?t want their kids to go away. They said surely if a war came it would be better for families to stick together and not go breaking up their homes. But the government new that if they let the children stay in the city?s with their mothers then they couldn?t release mothers for war work. Which would mean there would not be enough workers to help the war. Also if there was lots of damage to city?s and there was lots of deaths especially child deaths the morale would turn very low. And if the soldiers found out about it the morale would reflect on them to. In the first few weeks of the start of the war nearly two million children were evacuated. The government wanted to give the public the impression that evacuation was popular among those affected and put out propaganda pictures and film to this effect. However, many mothers were very unsure as to the usefulness of evacuation. Many children were evacuated but not with huge enthusiasm and when it became apparent that war was not going to lead to cities being bombed many children returned to the cities from which they had only recently left. People told the government that if there is no bombs or air raids then why is they any need for sending the children to the countryside. But the government knew that the bombing would start soon so if they let the children come back and stay in the city?s then there was a high-risk chance that children would be court up in the bombing. And a lot of would children would die. There was a big fear that if the country were to lose a lot of children then they would lose a full generation. So the government wanted to secure the future generations. These are the reasons why the government introduced the evaluation of children in world war two.

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