AS 310, Animal Science, Exam 3

AS 310, Animal Science, Exam 3
A nicotine patch is an example of administration.

Where is oxytocin made?

Water ?wants? to enter into the lumen of the ascending portion of the loop of Henle but this happens instead.

One of these does not describe a drug disposition curve.

The science that deals with the fate of drugs and their actions on the body.

The kidney?s medulla appears striated because of

A kidney that collects fluid only from the peritoneal cavity

Between the glomerulus and the peritubular capillary beds is the artery.

A drug that is charged and therefore, water soluble is called

The free form of a drug in blood can interact with receptors in target cells better than the form.The has lobulated kidneys

The renal corpuscle is

If you were dehydrated in a desert you would release a lot of

Iodine is not incorporated into

Which is not a form of a glucocorticoid?

A kidney has a portal system. The is equivalent of the primary capillary bed.

If thyroxine level are real high in the blood then .

adh is made in the

The thyroid gland is situated the thyroid cartilage.

Thyroxin has a prolonged effect because of

Parathyroid hormone osteoclasts.

After a drug is absorbed and distributed it gets .

Capillary walls with holes in them are called?

Which is safer?

use arachidonic acid as a structural precursor.
In three half life?s, an initial concentration of 200 mg/ml would change to

A drug that circulates free (not bound to proteins)

From the renal pelvis, urine moves into the

When comparing drug A and B, both have the same efficacy but drug B is less potent that drug A, therefore the ED50 for drug B would be

Which of the following types of molecules will not be absorbed by passive diffusion

The last set of kidneys to form is the .

The choroid plexus has capillaries, which as a tissue, is an example of difficult passage into the cerebrospinal fluid.

The Malpighian is another name for the

One concern of farmers using prostaglandins is entry into their bodies.

As the osmolarity of blood increases the amount of .

If blood pressure increases then .

To calculate the apparent volume of distribution one would not need this information.

The percentage of the body weight that represents intracellular water is about .

Myxedema is

Diuresis could causes

In the pathway in the making of estradiol, between progesterone and estradiol is

Which one of these hormones in not in two parts(dimeric, has an alpha and beta component)?

Another name for tight junctions is .

What is the structure of trh?

The dosage that is lethal to 10% of a population is a/an .

A toxic dosage of radiation for 50% of a population within 40 days.

The first pair of kidneys to form was the kidneys

The has lobulated kidneys.

Between the cortex and the pelvis of the kidney is the

The descending loop of Henle is .

The renal corpuscle is .

The macula densa cells are part of the .

The structure of progesterone is .

Birds do not secrete uric acid because .

What stimulates the release of aldosterone?

The free form of a drug in blood exists in an equilibrium with the form of the drug in blood.

If the concentration of a drug goes from 20 mg per ml to 5 mg per ml in 40 minutes, what is the half-life (t1/2) of the drug? minutes

What does GnRH stand for?

The primary regulator of too much salt in your diet is .

An example of an ?amine? hormone is .

The science that deals with the fate of drugs and their actions on the body.

This organ would not be involved in the elimination of a drug.

Drugs do not enter our society via .

Follicular epithelial cells of the thyroid are targets for .

One of these does not describe a ?hormone?.

A drug that is water soluble is called .

Large water soluble drugs get into a cell by .

Iodine is not incorporated into

Thyroxine and T3 does not .

Diabetes mellitus is not characterized by

Which is not a form of a glucocorticoid?

stimulates the breakdown of proteins in muscle cells to amino acids.
What is the structure of acth?

Progesterone comes from the

What stimulates the release of tsh?

To increase the concentrations of sodium in the blood, one could give an injection of .

Which is not an action of glucocorticoid?

Which hormone is not regulated by the hypothalamus to be released?

pth does not do one of these?

stimulates the uptake of amino acids into fat cells.
What is the effect of LH in the male?

What inhibits the release of prolactin?

What stimulates the release of fsh?

The name of the hole between the fetal atria is .

From the glomerulus the next blood vessel is .

Where is adh released from?

The juxtamedullary nephron allows the additional removal of percent more water from the filtrate (urine).

What percent of plasma is filtered out of the glomerulus and enters Bowman=s capsule?

In rats that don?t produce a left sided kidney (of any kind) 10% of the time have .

The glomerulus filters out more fluid than the normal capillaries because of .

The blood-brain barrier is an example of .

What drug could be used to predict the extracellular volume?

Insulin comes from cells.

An example of an ?amine? hormone is .

The science that deals with the fate of drugs and their actions on the body.

This organ would not be involved in the elimination of a drug.

Drugs do not enter our society via

What type of kidney does have the loop of Henle?

What antibody is released later (second), albeit the primary or secondary response, after exposure to an antigen?

Which is not a symptom of hypothyroidism

The loop between the small intestine and the liver is commonly known as?

A nicotine patch would be an example of _________ delivery?

have slightly elevated levels of insulin in their blood.
In the ascending tubule moves out into the interstitial fluids of the medulla.

Iodine is concentrated in the of the thyroid gland.

What is the main response to hyperosmotic (salty) blood?

A lipophilic drug has to become to be eliminated.

Where would you find cells with receptors for pif?

The major cell type within a newborn animal?s anterior pituitary.

What is the inner most (deepest) part of a kidney?

What type of injection is it where a drug goes directly to the cerebrospinal fluid?

What ducts do males use that females do not?

A drug that is charged and therefore, water soluble is called .

From the arcuate artery blood moves to the .

The renal corpuscle is .

If thyroxine is injected into an animal then .

adh is made in the .

The effect of pth on the kidney is to aid in Vitamin D activation and to _______.

The concentration of insulin in the blood would be highest in .

What is the term for urination?

Whats the point of having a juxtamedullary loop of Henle? To _______

Thyroxine has a prolonged effect because of its bound to .

Capillary walls with holes in them are called?

A high therapeutic index means _____________________.

When a hormone enters the circulatory system its called becoming .

The most primitive kind of a kidney is called .

In the just the loop of Henle, what % of water is recaptured?

Intracellular, continuous junctions are also known as________?

What cells release renin?

The primary reason I would give a drug IV?

Which is the closest (distance wise) to the loop of Henle.

Which one below, comes out of the secondary capillary bed of the portal system between the hypothalamus and pituitary.

If the concentration of a drug decrease from 360 to 90 mg/ml in 6 minutes, then the half life is .

The dosage that is effective in 20% of the population is called the ___.

The macula densa is anatomically part of the _______________.

The blood-brain barrier exists because of __________ capillaries.

If I injected adh into a heifer then her ___________ would decrease.

The percentage of the body weight that represents intracellular water is about .

By the time they find in your urine, diabetes could be well established.

What percent of your plasma (fluid in blood) that is filtered out in the glomerulus.

Every time you drink a can of regular pop, the responds.

The reason so much fluid is reabsorbed from the urine back to the peritubular
capillary bed is because .

What percent of the total cardiac output goes to the kidneys?

Absorption is the same thing as a drug .

The slower, longer lasting route of drug administration is to give a/an __________ injection.

The methylation of histones so that start or stop regulators of the cell cycle are not read
transcribed or over expressed, such as what happens in ovarian cancer, is specifically called ___.

Vasopressin is another name for ____________.

What is the structure of pth?

What is the structure of acth?

Aldosterone acts on the _____ cells of the collecting ducts.

A new way to give radiation treatment to a patient is to inject __________.

What example of a drug was used to illustrate the ?first pass effect??

New discoveries or world-wide knowledge, doubles every _________.

Which is a drug?

A nicotine patch is an example of administration.

One of these does not describe a drug disposition curve.

A drug that is charged and therefore, water soluble is called

Drugs with a molecular weight of over 900 get into a cell by

The kidney can absorb drugs through the glomerulus by

Another name for tight junctions is

The on a cell has an affinity (a ?pull?) for the free form of a drug.

The free form of a drug in blood exists in an equilibrium with the form of the drug in blood.

If the concentration of a drug goes from 20 mg per ml to 5 mg per ml in 40 minutes, what is the half-life (t1/2) of the drug? minutes

The dosage that is lethal to 10% of a population is an

A toxic dosage of radiation for 50% of a population within 40 days.

The first pair of kidneys to form was the kidneys

The has lobulated kidneys

Between the cortex and the pelvis of the kidney is the

Which is not a function of the kidneys

From the glomerulus the next blood vessel is

The descending loop of Henle is

The renal corpuscle is

The juxtamedullary nephron allows the additional removal of percent more water from the filtrate (urine).

Water ?wants? to enter into the lumen of the ascending portion of the loop of Henle but this happens instead

Birds do not secrete uric acid because

What stimulates the release of aldosterone?

If you were dehydrated in a desert you would release a lot of

The primary regulator of too much salt in your diet is

An example of an ?amine? hormone is

Follicular epithelia of the thyroid are targets for

One of these does not describe a ?hormone?

Iodine is not incorporated into

Thyroxine and T3 do not

Myxedema is a condition of

Which hormone is not regulated by the hypothalamus

Which is not a function of pth?

Which is not a form of a glucocorticoid?

Which is not an action of glucocorticoid?

stimulates the uptake of amino acids into fat cells.
Diabetes mellitus is not characterized by

stimulates the breakdown of proteins in muscle cells to amino acids.
The choroid plexus has capillaries, which as a tissue, is an example of difficult passage into the cerebrospinal fluid.

In rats that don?t produce a left sided kidney (of any kind) 10% of the time have

The glomerulus filters out more fluid than the normal capillaries because

Another name for angiotensinogen is

The blood-brain barrier is an example of

The Malpighian is another name for the

The papillary ducts are

Another name for the fluid in a ovarian follicle is

Fremitus is

This hormone comes from the zona glomerulosa and is called a mineralocorticoid.

Water ?wants? to enter into the lumen of the ascending portion of the loop of Henle but this happens instead

A nicotine patch is an example of administration.

This organ would not be involved, in any way, in the elimination of drugs (remember different pathways of elimination).

The quickest way to get a drug absorbed is to give it .

This hormone is 21 and 30 amino acids long.

If a drug is not having an effect it could mean .

stimulates the uptake of amino acids into fat cells.
If a drug has a very short half-life it will .

Which of the below is a steroid?

A toxic dosage of radiation for 50% of a population after 40 days of exposure.

stimulates the breakdown of proteins in muscle cells to amino acids and the release of amino acids into the blood.
In the normal situation, ___ % of the glomerular filtrate is actually lost as urine.

Myxedema is a condition of .

Between the cortex and the pelvis of the kidney is the

From the glomerulus, the next blood vessel is the .

The descending loop of Henle is .

Macula densa cells are part of the .

Drugs do not enter our society via _____.

Birds do not secrete uric acid because .

An injection of crh would cause and increase in blood levels of _______.

What stimulates the release of aldosterone?

If you were dehydrated in a desert, you would release a lot of .

Absorption is the same thing as a drug ____________________.

The last phase of a drug?s disposition is _______________.

Which is not an organ by which drugs leave the body?

Taking an oral tablet on an empty stomach ____________.

A drug moving through the skin is called _________ absorption.

The slower, longer lasting route of drug administration is

Small water soluble drugs moving through cell membranes by pores or channels is called______.

Absorption through a membrane by use of a carrier protein that flip-flops without any use of energy is ________________.

The type of intracellular junction that forms tight, sheet-like barriers to the outside world is called _________________.

Capillaries in the peritoneal (peritoneum) cavity allow ___________ permeability.

Which way would you prefer to absorb alcohol?

The most active form of a drug is a ___________ drug.

To achieve the shortest time to a peak concentration, give a drug __________________.

A ?quantitative? dose-response curve does not have ______.

If a drug had an ED50 of 10 mg, a TD50 of 100 mg and a LD50 of 1000 mg, then mg would kill 90% of a population.

The most primitive kind of a kidney is called _____________.

Specie who?s kidney has the most lobular-like surface is _____.

Which is not part of the pathway of urine?

The bladder is not involved in _____________________.

Between the interlobar and interlobular arteries is the_ artery.

Which is not a function of the kidney ?

Urine is normally percent of the glomerular filtration volume.

Which is not part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

To eventually make angiotensin II, the is never involved in the pathway.

This hormone is an 84 amino acid polypeptide chain.

Which is not a function of thyroxin?

Glucagon .

Absorption is the same thing as a drug .

The slower, longer lasting route of drug administration is to give a injection.

By definition, when a hormone enters the circulatory system its called becoming .

The most primitive kind of a kidney is called .

Which is not a function of the kidney ?

In the ascending tubule moves out into the interstitial fluids.

Iodine is concentrated in the of the thyroid gland.

What is the main response to hyperosmotic (salty) blood?

Which one of these is not true: a drug is a substance that the body.

Insulin comes from cells.

If your blood volume was too high, then you would
The structure of oxytocin is .

A lipophilic drug has to become to be eliminated.

From the arcuate artery blood moves to the .

If you found slightly higher insulin levels in the blood than normal and slightly higher sugar levels, this would be an indication of .

A kidney has a portal system. The is equivalent of the primary capillary bed.

The free form of a drug in blood can interact with receptors in target cells better than the - form.

The has lobulated kidneys

The renal corpuscle is .

If you were dehydrated in a desert you would release a lot of .

Iodine is not incorporated into .

Which is not a form of a glucocorticoid?

The kidney?s medulla appears striated because of .

A kidney that collects fluid only from the peritoneal cavity .

Between the glomerulus and the peritubular capillary beds is the artery.

This hormone is a dimeric polypeptide.

If thyroxine level are real high in the blood then .

adh is made in the .

This hormone is 41 amino acids long.

Thyroxin has a prolonged effect because of .

Parathyroid hormone osteoclasts.

After a drug is absorbed and distributed it gets .

Capillary walls with holes in them are called?

Which is safer?

use arachidonic acid as a structural precursor.
In three half life?s, an initial concentration of 200 mg/ml would change to .

This hormone has an alpha and beta chain, 21 and 30 amino acids long, respectively.

From the renal pelvis, urine moves immedidately into the .

When comparing drug A and B,drug B is less potent that drug A, therefore the ED50 for drug B would be .

Which of the following types of molecules will not be absorbed by passive diffusion .

An additional action of thyroxin over the actions of insulin is to .

The peritoneum has a junctions between endothelial cells of capillaries, which as a tissue, is an example of rather easy passage of drugs into the blood.

The Malpighian is another name for the

The stress hormone of the body is .

As the osmolarity of blood increases the amount of .

If blood pressure increases then .

To calculate the apparent volume of distribution one would not need this information.

The percentage of the body weight that represents intracellular water is about .

Myxedema is .

Diuresis could cause .

In the distal tubule, urine is than blood.

The kidney makes ________________ to stimulate red blood cell formation.

The long-looped nephron that extends into the medullary kidney is a _________________ nephron.

A free drug in blood does not exist in equilibrium with ________________________.

The medulla has about ________ percent of capillaries compared to the cortex.

In the asending tubule __________ moves out into the interstitial fluids.

Angiotension I specifically becomes Angiotension II because of _____________________.

An injection of ________________ to an animal will not induce aldosterone release.

The juxtaglomerular appartus is not composed of ____________.

The thyroid gland is located _________________________.

Iodine is concentrated in the ____________ of the thyroid gland.

The target of tsh is the ____________________.

Glucocorticoids are _______________________.

About half an animals? basal maetabolic rate is controlled by _____________________.

If hormone ?A? has a negative feedback on hormone ?B? then when hormone ?A? is increased ?B? will _______________.

What is the main response to hyperosmotic blood?

What inhibits adh release?

The sympathetic nervous system ___________________.

In the desending tubule _________________ the tubule.

If drug X has a lower ?equipotent dose? than drug Y, then___________________________.

A drug is not a substance that __________ the body.

What kind of capillaries have areas of the basal lamina missing?

Which of the following has the smallest percentage?

The blood-brain barrier is composed of ____________.

If I inject 10 mg of a drug to an animal and its too much then I should consider giving mg to the next animal.

Insulin comes from __________ cells.

Too much sugar in the blood and urine, too much urine production and not enough insulin can lead to ________.

Glucocorticoids do not

The concentration of a drug in blood increases shortly after an IM injection and this is called _________________.

The biotransformation and excretion of a drug is called _____.

One concern of farmers using prostaglandins is ____entry into their bodies.

Which has the largest auc?

The cut-off molecular weight for passive diffusion of a water soluble drug is ______________.

Parkinson?s patient receives ________ to increase noradrenalin levels in the brain.

If I inject 100 mg of a drug to a cow and calculate a Co of 20 mg/liter, then the volume of distribution is __________.

As the osmolarity of blood increases the amount of ________.

A person with iodine deficiency goiter would have abnormally ________________.

Which hormone has the largest t1/2?

In fat cells _______________ causes fatty acids to be absorbed into the cells.

Pigs have ___________ nephrons in each kidney.

The primary physiological response to too much salt in your diet is to increase your .

The follicular wall of the thyroid gland is a target for .

For a drug to be eliminated from the body it must .

One of these does not describe the definition of a ?hormone?

The dosage that is lethal to 10% of a population is .

Iodine is not incorporated into .

Thyroxine and T3 do not .

Which hormone is not regulated by the hypothalamus?

If a capillary has holes in it (usually found in endocrine glands) the capillary is called .

Which is not a function of pth?

Which is not a glucocorticoid or form of a glucocorticoid?

The renal corpuscle is .

Which is not an action of glucocorticoids?

Diabetes mellitus is not characterized by .

If the concentration of a drug goes from 20 mg per ml to 5 mg per ml in 40 minutes, what is the half-life (t1/2) of the drug? minutes

A 84 amino acid long polypeptide involved with controlling calcium levels in the blood.

The first pair of kidneys to form was the kidneys

This hormone stimulates the release of acth.

The general science that deals with the fate of drugs and their actions on/in the body is .

An injection of tsh would cause ____ levels to increase.

The functional unit of the kidney is called the .

-?- is released into the secondary capillary of the head (if I was more specific I?d give it away).

One of these does not describe a drug disposition curve.

When calcium levels in the blood are low, hypocalcemia, this hormone gets released.

Another name for tight junctions is .

Which of these would bind to a nuclear receptor?

The peritoneum has capillaries, which as a delivery site, is an example of rather easy passage into the abdominal capillaries.

In rats that don?t produce a left-side kidney (of any kind) then .

The glomerulus filters out more fluid than the normal capillaries because .

Another name for angiotensinogen is .

The blood-brain barrier is an example of .

The name of the artery that divides the cortex from the medulla of the kidney is called the .

The juxtamedullary nephron allows the additional removal of percent more water from the filtrate (urine) than a mesonephric kidney.

The name of a blood vessel in the stalk (between the hypothalamus and the pituitary), is the .

If a new drug shifted the dose-response curve to the left, then a new equipotent dosage would be the original/unshifted dosage.

The name of the enzyme in the lung that converts Angiotensin I to Angiotensin II is called .

If your blood volume was too high, then you would

The dosage that produces a response in 20% the population is called the .

Urine is normally percent of the glomerular filtration volume.

Which is not part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

Thyroid stimulating hormone comes from the _______________.

Glucagon .

Absorption is the same thing as a drug .

When you have to micturate real bad, you feel it all the way back to your kidneys because the
The slower, longer lasting route of drug administration is to give a injection.

By definition, when a hormone enters the circulatory system its called becoming .

The most primitive kind of a kidney is called .

Under low microscopic power, red spot appeared in the cortex of the kidney, these were given the name, .

In the ascending tubule, moves out into the interstitial fluids.

Iodine is concentrated in the of the thyroid gland.

What is the main response to experiencing hyperostotic blood?

Which one of these is not true: a drug is a substance that the body.

The target of tsh is the ____________________.

A bull uses part of the to get sperm to the outside.

A lipophilic drug has to become to be eliminated.

From the arcuate artery blood moves to the .

Glucocorticoids are _______________________.

A drug that is charged and therefore, water soluble is called

use arachidonic acid as a structural precursor.
The has lobulated kidneys

has/have a half life of 20 seconds
The percentage of the body weight that represents intracellular water is about .

Iodine is not incorporated into

Which is not a form of a glucocorticoid?

The kidney?s medulla appears striated because of

A kidney that collects fluid only from the peritoneal cavity

Between the glomerulus and the peritubular capillary beds is the artery.

Which is not a function of thyroxin?

A kidney has a portal system. The is equivalent of the primary capillary bed.

If thyroxine level are real high in the blood then .

adh is made in the .

Which is not a hormone from the anterior pituitary?

A specie that originated in the jungle would have a kind of nephron versus another specie that originated in the desert.

Parathyroid hormone osteoclasts.

After a drug is absorbed and distributed it gets .

Capillary walls with holes in them are called .

Which is safer?

The process of absorption of drugs through intact skin is called .

In three half life?s, an initial concentration of 200 mg/ml would change to

From the collecting ducts, urine moves next into the

To calculate the apparent volume of distribution one would not need this information.

Absorption is the same thing as a drug ____________________.

The last phase of a drug?s disposition is _______________.

Diuresis could cause .

adh is released out of the .

A drug moving through the skin is called _________absorption.

The slower, longer lasting route of drug administration is ________.

Small water soluble drugs moving through cell membranes by
pores or channels is called _____________________.

Absorption through a membrane by use of a carrier protein that flip-flops without any use of energy is ________________.

The type of intracellular junction that forms tight, sheet-like barriers to the outside world is called ______________.

Capillaries in the peritoneal (peritoneum) cavity allow ____________________ permeability.

If adh is blocked from being released then the urine will

The most active form of a drug is a ___________ drug.

To achieve the shortest time to a peak concentration, give a drug __________________.

A ?quantitative? dose-response curve does not have ______.

If a drug had an ED50 of 10 mg, a TD50 of 100 mg and a LD50 of 1000 mg, then ____________ mg would kill 90% of a population.

An injection of thyroxin would cause the concentration of in the blood to decrease.

The process of absorption of drugs through intact skin is called .

The dosage that produces 20% of the effective maximal response is called the .

% of the plasma is normally filtered out of the glomerular blood.
Which is not part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

If blood pressure increases then .

Myxedema could be the result of .

Which is not a function of thyroxine?

The reason your dentist has to inject lidocaine directly into where she is going to drill, is because of _______________.

Absorption of a drug, is the same thing as a drug .

The fastest way to get a drug absorbed is to give it by this route.

By definition, when a hormone enters the circulatory system its called becoming
.

The most primitive (first, simplest) pair of kidneys are called a .

Which is not a part of the kidney ?

In the ascending tubule moves _________ the tubule.

The percentage of body weight that represents intracellular water is about .

What is the main/primary physiological response to hyperosmotic blood?

Which one of these is true: a drug is a substance that the body.

Insulin comes from cells.

If your blood volume was high, then you would .

Thyroxin has a prolonged effect (long t1/2) because of .

A lipophilic drug has to become to be eliminated.

From the arcuate artery blood moves next to the .
.
The science that deals with the fate of drugs and their actions on the body.

A drug that is water soluble is called .

If I gave an animal a shot of tsh then the level of would decrease after a short period of time.

A specie common to the jungle, would have a _______ type of kidney/nephron.

The renal corpuscle is the/a___________.

If you were dehydrated in a desert you would make a lot of .

Iodine is not incorporated into

Which is not a form of a glucocorticoid?

The medulla of kidney appears striated because of .

adh is synthesized in the .

Between the glomerulus and the peritubular capillary beds is the artery.

A kidney has a portal system. The is equivalent of the primary capillary
bed.

If thyroxine level are high in the blood then .

Which one of the cells below is controlled by the anterior pituitary?

The zona fasiculata makes .

As urine flows down the decending loop of Henle, the nephron.

Parathyroid hormone bone breakdown(mineral reabsorption).

In drug disposition, after a drug is absorbed and distributed it gets .

Capillary walls with unobstructed ?holes? in them are called?

Which is known to be safer?

Which one below is a drug.

In three half life?s a concentration of 200 mg/ml would change to .

If I gave an animal a shot of crh, then the level of would increase.

When comparing drug A and B, both have the same efficacy but drug B is less potent that drug A, therefore the ED50 dose for drug B would be .

Vasoconstriction throughout the body would cause _______________.

What pool(s) of body fluid does alcohol diffuse into?

A diuretic drug could causes .

To eventually make angiotensin II, the is never involved in the pathway.

The cavity in the kidney that contains the pelvis is called the ________ cavity.

Iodine is concentrated in the of the thyroid gland.

Glucagon has a structure

this hormone is 84 amino acids long.
___________ this hormone is a steroid.

The macula densa cells are part of the .

If the concentration of a drug drops from 440 to 55 mg/ml in 45 minutes, then the half life of this drug is .

Uric acid can precipitate out of solution in birds, before uric acid started to precipitate the urine has .

Between the interlobar and interlobular arteries is the _______ artery.

Research at osu with has helped some people with damaged spinal cords.

A kidney has a portal system. The is equivalent of the primary capillary bed.

The long-looped nephron that extends into the medullary kidney is a ___________ nephron.

If the body makes too much insulin and overreacts to an increase in the concentration blood glucose this is called

The medulla of the kidney has about ________ percent of capillaries compared to the cortex.

In the ascending tubule _________ moves out into the interstitial fluids.

Angiotensin I specifically becomes Angiotensin II because of _________________.

An injection of ________________ to an animal will not induce aldosterone release.

The juxtaglomerular apparatus is not composed of __________.

The thyroid gland is located ________________________.

Iodine is concentrated in the __ ____ of the thyroid gland.

The target of tsh is the ____________________.

Glucocorticoids are _______________________.

About half an animals? basal metabolic rate is controlled by _____________________.

If hormone ?A? has a negative feedback on hormone ?B? then when hormone ?A? is increased ?B? will _______________.

What is the main response to hyperosmotic (salty) blood?

What is the name of a cell that could help patients receiving transplants.

Glucagon is

In the descending tubule ________________ the tubule.

If drug X has a lower ?equipotent dose? than drug Y, then___________________________.

A drug is not a substance that __________ the body.

What kind of capillaries have areas of the basal lamina missing?

Which of the following has the smallest percentage?

The blood-brain barrier is composed of ____________.

If I inject 10 mg of a drug to an animal and its too much,then I should consider giving ___ mg to the next animal.

Insulin comes from __________ cells.

Too much sugar in the blood and urine, too much urine production and not enough insulin can lead to ________.

tsh causes to be broken down.

The kidney filters and reabsorbs more fluid than normal capillary beds because of .

The biotransformation and excretion of a lipophilic drug would require __ .

One concern of farmers using prostaglandins is _________entry into their bodies.

Which has the largest auc?

Between the glomerulus and the peritubular capillary beds is the artery.

Another name for adh is

If I inject 100 mg of a drug to a cow and calculate a Co of 20 mg/liter, then the volume of distribution is __________.

The hypothalamus does not affect the release of

A person with iodine deficiency goiter would have abnormally______________.

Of the total amount of fluid filtered out of the kidney,urine represents about % of that (above) amount.

In fat cells _______________ causes fatty acids to be absorbed into the cells.

Pigs have ___________ nephrons in each kidney.

The last set of kidneys to form is the .

Myxedema is .

One concern of farmers using prostaglandins is entry into their bodies.

As the osmolarity of blood increases the amount of .

If you were dehydrated in a desert you would release a lot of .

In the glomerulus the filtration pressure increase from the normal 8 in capillaries to .

In the peritubular capillary bed the absorptive pressure increase from the normal -7 in capillaries to .

Early experiments to isolate an animals organ(s) was to move it to .

Diuresis could causes .

What can a whale do for water?

is a controlled drug even though it does not fit the definition of a [email protected]
The process of absorption of drugs through intact skin is called __________.

The zona glomerulosa makes __________.

The dosage that will allow 50% of the population to response is called

When comparing drugs A and B, and drug B is less potent that drug A, the ED50 for drug B would be stimulates the uptake of amino acids into fat cells.

From the arcuate artery, blood moves to the _______________.

Which hormone is not regulated by the hypothalamus

Adrenalin causes liver cells.

Females use a remnant of the in their adult reproductive tract.

In between the kidney capsule and the medulla is the .

stimulates the breakdown of proteins in muscle cells to amino acids.
If I injected thyroxin to an animal I would expect tsh concentrations to in the blood.

Capillaries in the peritoneal (peritoneum) cavity allow____________________ permeability.

In order for drugs to get eliminated from the body it must become .

The last pair of kidneys to form is the .

Which is not part of the pathway of urine?

The first capillary bed in the renal (portal) system is called the .

In between the medulla of the kidney and the ureter is the _________.

To achieve the shortest time to a peak concentration, give a drug _________________.

Antidiuretic hormone is synthesized (made) in the ________________.

Thyroid stimulating hormone comes from the ______________.

Parathyroid hormone does not __________.

Where is calcitonin made?

What is tbp?

Which is not a function of thyroxin?

Which is not a function of glucocorticoids?

Where is somatostatin made?

The release of insulin is stimulated by_______.

Glucagon __________.

pth stimulates __________.

The last phase of a drug?s disposition is_____________.

Which cells make tsh?

PGF2alpha is a well-known example of a hormone.

The long-looped nephron that extends into the medullary kidney is a ____________ nephron.

If a species of rats developed only kidneys on the right side, then sperm would be found in ____.

Iodine is concentrated in the ____________ of the thyroid gland.

The target of tsh is the ___________________.

Glucocorticoids are _______________________.

Which is not a form of a glucocorticoid?

What kind of capillaries have areas of the basal lamina missing?

The blood-brain barrier is composed of ___________.

The process of absorption of drugs through intact skin is called .

The dosage that produces 20% of the effective maximal response is called the .

% of the plasma is normally filtered out of the glomerular blood.
Which is not part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

If blood pressure increases then .

Myxedema could be the result of .

Which is not a function of thyroxine?

The reason your dentist has to inject lidocaine directly into where she is going to drill, is because of _______________.

Absorption of a drug, is the same thing as a drug .

The fastest way to get a drug absorbed is to give it by this route.

By definition, when a hormone enters the circulatory system its called becoming .

The most primitive (first, simplest) pair of kidneys are called a .

Which is not a part of the kidney ?

In the ascending tubule moves _________ the tubule.

The percentage of body weight that represents intracellular water is about .

What is the main/primary physiological response to hyperosmotic blood?

Insulin comes from cells.

If your blood volume was high, then you would .

Thyroxin has a prolonged effect (long t1/2) because of .

The male uses part of the to get sperm to the outside.

A lipophilic drug has to become to be eliminated.

From the arcuate artery blood moves next to the .

The science that deals with the fate of drugs and their actions on the body.

A drug that is water soluble is called .

If I gave an animal a shot of tsh then the level of would decrease after a short period of time.

A specie common to the jungle, would have a _______ type of kidney/nephron.

The renal corpuscle is the/a___________.

If you were dehydrated in a desert you would make a lot of .

Iodine is not incorporated into

Which is not a form of a glucocorticoid?

The medulla of kidney appears striated because of .

adh is synthesized in the .

Between the glomerulus and the peritubular capillary beds is the artery.

A kidney has a portal system. The is equivalent of the primary capillary bed.

If thyroxine level are high in the blood then .

Which one of the cells below is controlled by the anterior pituitary?

The zona fasiculata makes .

As urine flows down the decending loop of Henle, the nephron.

Parathyroid hormone bone breakdown(mineral reabsorption).

In drug disposition, after a drug is absorbed and distributed it gets .

Capillary walls with unobstructed ?holes? in them are called?

Which is known to be safer?

Which one below is a drug.

In three half life?s a concentration of 200 mg/ml would change to .

If I gave an animal a shot of crh, then the level of would increase.

From the renal pelvis urine moves next into the .

When comparing drug A and B, both have the same efficacy but drug B is less potent that drug A, therefore the ED50 dose for drug B would be .

Vasoconstriction throughout the body would cause _______________.

What pool(s) of body fluid does alcohol diffuse into?

A diuretic drug could causes .

To eventually make angiotensin II, the is never involved in the pathway.

The cavity in the kidney that contains the pelvis is called the ________ cavity.

What chapters of the book were covered in this unit?

Iodine is concentrated in the of the thyroid gland.

Glucagon has a structure

this hormone is 84 amino acids long.
___________ this hormone is a steroid.

Insulin comes from __________ cells.

Too much sugar in the blood and urine, too much urine production and not enough insulin can lead to _______.

When the level of sodium is low, _______ gets released.

A toxic dosage of radiation for 50% of a population within 40 days.

If the concentration of a drug goes from 20 mg per ml to 5 mg per ml in 40 minutes, what is the half-life (t1/2) of the drug? minutes

The renal corpuscle is __________.

Iodine is not incorporated into __________.

If you were dehydrated in a desert you would release a lot of __________.

If hormone ?A? has a negative feedback on hormone ?B? then when hormone ?A? is increased ?B? will _______________.

Another name for the posterior pituitary is the ____.

An injection of ________________ to an animal will not induce aldosterone release.

Birds do not secrete uric acid because .

An injection of crh would cause and increase in blood levels of _______.

What stimulates the release of aldosterone?

If you were dehydrated in a desert, you would release a lot of .

The primary physiological response to too much salt in your diet is to increase your .

The follicular wall of the thyroid gland is a target for .

For a drug to be eliminated from the body it must .

One of these does not describe the definition of a ?hormone?

Iodine is not incorporated into .

Thyroxine and T3 do not .

Which hormone is not regulated by the hypothalamus?

If a capillary has holes in it (usually found in endocrine glands) the capillary is called .

Which is not a function of pth?

Which is not a glucocorticoid or form of a glucocorticoid?

The renal corpuscle is .

Which is not an action of glucocorticoids?

Diabetes mellitus is not characterized by .

If the concentration of a drug goes from 20 mg per ml to 5
mg per ml in 40 minutes, what is the half-life (t1/2) of the drug? minutes

A 84 amino acid long polypeptide involved with controlling calcium levels in the blood.

The first pair of kidneys to form was the kidneys

This hormone stimulates the release of acth.

The general science that deals with the fate of drugs and their actions on/in the body is .

An injection of tsh would cause ____ levels to increase.

The functional unit of the kidney is called the .

-?- is released into the secondary capillary of the head (if I was more specific I?d give it away).
One of these does not describe a drug disposition curve.

When calcium levels in the blood are low, hypocalcemia, this hormone gets released.

Another name for tight junctions is .

Which of these would bind to a nuclear receptor?

An example of an ?amine? hormone is .

This hormone comes from the zona glomerulosa and is called a mineralocorticoid.

Water ?wants? to enter into the lumen of the ascending portion of the loop of Henle but this happens instead

A nicotine patch is an example of administration.

This organ would not be involved, in any way, in the elimination of drugs (remember different pathways of elimination).

The quickest way to get a drug absorbed is to give it .

This hormone is 21 and 30 amino acids long.

If a drug is not having an effect it could mean .

stimulates the uptake of amino acids into fat cells.
If a drug has a very short half-life it will .

Which of the below is a steroid?

A toxic dosage of radiation for 50% of a population after 40 days of exposure.

stimulates the breakdown of proteins in muscle cells to amino acids and the release of those amino acids into the blood.
In the normal situation, ___ % of the glomerular filtrate is actually lost as urine.

Myxedema is a condition of .

Between the cortex and the pelvis of the kidney is the

From the glomerulus, the next blood vessel is the .

The descending loop of Henle is .

Macula densa cells are part of the .

Drugs do not enter our society via _____.

The peritoneum has capillaries, which as a delivery site, is an example of rather easy passage into the abdominal capillaries.

In rats that don?t produce a left-side kidney (of any kind) then .

The glomerulus filters out more fluid than the normal capillaries because .

Another name for angiotensinogen is .

The blood-brain barrier is an example of .

The name of the artery that divides the cortex from the medulla of the kidney is called the .

The juxtamedullary nephron allows the additional removal of percent more water from the filtrate (urine) than a mesonephric kidney.

The name of a blood vessel in the stalk (between the hypothalamus and the pituitary), is the .

If a new drug shifted the dose-response curve to the left,then a new equipotent dosage would be the original/unshifted dosage.

The name of the enzyme in the lung that converts Angiotensin I to Angiotensin II is called .

An 84 amino acid long, polypeptide hormone.

Another name for thyroxin is __________.

The liver changes cholecalciferol to __________.

Which is not part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

A kidney that collects fluid only from the peritoneal cavity __________.

A hormone that is 44 amino acids long, is ___.

A dimeric polypeptide hormone is ______.

If a drug had an ED50 of 10 mg, a TD50 of 100 mg and a LD50 of 1000 mg, then ____________ mg would kill 90% of a population.

The process of absorption of drugs through intact skin is called __________.

The zona glomerulosa makes __________.

The dosage that will allow 50% of the population to response is called

When comparing drugs A and B, and drug B is less potent that drug A, the ED50 for drug B would be

stimulates the uptake of amino acids into fat cells.
A ?quantitative? dose-response curve does not have ______.

An example of an ?amine? hormone is .

This hormone comes from the zona glomerulosa and is called a mineralocorticoid.

Water ?wants? to enter into the lumen of the ascending portion of the loop of Henle but this happens instead

A nicotine patch is an example of administration.

This organ would not be involved, in any way, in the elimination of drugs (remember different pathways of elimination).

The quickest way to get a drug absorbed is to give it .

This hormone is 21 and 30 amino acids long.

If a drug is not having an effect it could mean .

stimulates the uptake of amino acids into fat cells.
If a drug has a very short half-life it will .

Which of the below is a steroid?

A toxic dosage of radiation for 50% of a population after 40 days of exposure.

stimulates the breakdown of proteins in muscle cells to amino acids and the release of those amino acids into the blood.
In the normal situation, ___ % of the glomerular filtrate is actually lost as urine.

Myxedema is a condition of .

Between the cortex and the pelvis of the kidney is the

From the glomerulus, the next blood vessel is the .

The descending loop of Henle is .

Macula densa cells are part of the .

Drugs do not enter our society via _____.

Birds do not secrete uric acid because .

An injection of crh would cause and increase in blood levels of _______.

What stimulates the release of aldosterone?

If you were dehydrated in a desert, you would release a lot of .

The primary physiological response to too much salt in your diet is to increase your .

The follicular wall of the thyroid gland is a target for .

For a drug to be eliminated from the body it must .

One of these does not describe the definition of a ?hormone?

The dosage that is lethal to 10% of a population is .

Iodine is not incorporated into .

Thyroxine and T3 do not .

Which hormone is not regulated by the hypothalamus?

If a capillary has holes in it (usually found in endocrine glands) the capillary is called .

Which is not a function of pth?

Which is not a glucocorticoid or form of a glucocorticoid?

The renal corpuscle is .

Which is not an action of glucocorticoids?

Diabetes mellitus is not characterized by .

If the concentration of a drug goes from 20 mg per ml to 5mg per ml in 40 minutes, what is the half-life (t1/2) of the drug? minutes

A 84 amino acid long polypeptide involved with controlling calcium levels in the blood.

The first pair of kidneys to form was the kidneys

This hormone stimulates the release of acth.

The general science that deals with the fate of drugs and their actions on/in the body is .

An injection of tsh would cause ____ levels to increase.

The functional unit of the kidney is called the .

-?- is released into the secondary capillary of the head (if I was more specific I?d give it away).

One of these does not describe a drug disposition curve.

When calcium levels in the blood are low, hypocalcemia, this hormone gets released.

Which of these would bind to a nuclear receptor?

The peritoneum has capillaries, whichas a delivery site, is an example of rather easy passageinto the abdominal capillaries.

In rats that don?t produce a left-side kidney (of any kind) then .

The glomerulus filters out more fluid than the normal capillaries because .

Another name for angiotensinogen is .

The blood-brain barrier is an example of .

The name of the artery that divides the cortex from themedulla of the kidney is called the .

The juxtamedullary nephron allows the additional removal of percent more water from the filtrate (urine) than a mesonephric kidney.

The name of a blood vessel in the stalk (between the hypothalamus and the pituitary), is the .

If a new drug shifted the dose-response curve to the left,then a new equipotent dosage would be the original/unshifted dosage.

The name of the enzyme in the lung that converts Angiotensin I to Angiotensin II is called .

If a drug had an ED50 of 10 mg, a TD50 of 100 mg and a LD50 of 1000 mg, then ____________ mg would kill 90% of a population.

The most primitive kind of a kidney is called _____________.

Specie who?s kidney has the most lobular-like surface is _____.

Which is not part of the pathway of urine?

The bladder is not involved in _____________________.

The medulla has about ________ percent of capillaries compared to the cortex.

In the ascending tubule __________ moves out into the interstitial fluids.

Angiotensin I specifically becomes Angiotensin II because of _____________________.

A person with iodine deficiency goiter would have abnormally______________.

The juxtaglomerular apparatus is not composed of __________.

The parathyroid glands are located____________________.

Iodine is concentrated in the ____________ of the thyroid gland.

The target of tsh is the ____________________.

Glucocorticoids are _______________________.

Absorption is the same thing as a drug ____________________.

The last phase of a drug?s disposition is _______________.

Which is not an organ by which drugs leave the body?

In order for a lipophilic drug to be eliminated from the body it must

A drug moving through the skin is called _______absorption.

The slower, longer lasting route of drug administration is ________.

Small (<200 MW) water soluble drugs moving through cell membranes by ____________.

Absorption through a membrane by use of a carrier protein that flip-flops without any use of energy is ______________.

The type of intracellular junction that forms tight, sheet-like barriers to the outside world is called _______________.

Capillaries in the peritoneal (peritoneum) cavity allow____________________ permeability.

Which way would you prefer to absorb alcohol?

The most active form of a drug in blood is the ________form.

To achieve the shortest time to a peak concentration, give a
drug _____________.

About half an animals? basal metabolic rate is controlled by _____________________.

If hormone ?A? has a negative feedback on hormone ?B? then when hormone ?A? is increased ?B? will _______________.

What is the main response to hyperosmotic blood?

What inhibits adh release?

The sympathetic nervous system ___________________.

In the descending tubule,_______________ the tubule.

If drug X has a lower ?equipotent dose? than drug Y, then______________________.

The target cell, in the male, for LH is .

What kind of capillaries have areas of the basal lamina missing?

Calcitonin .

pth does not .

The effect of adrenalin on muscle cells is to .

Insulin comes from __________ cells.

Too much sugar in the blood and urine, too much urine production and not enough insulin can lead to ________.

Glucocorticoids do not

acth is amino acids long.

Who first claimed that adult cells could be cloned .

Between the interlobar and interlobular arteries is the________ artery.

Which is not a function of the kidney ?

The kidney makes ________________ to stimulate red blood cell formation.

The long-looped nephron that extends into the medullary kidney is a ________ nephron.

A free drug in blood does not exist in equilibrium with________________________.

One concern of farmers using prostaglandins is _______entry into their bodies.

Which has the largest auc?

To calculate the apparent volume of distribution one would not need this information.

Parkinson?s patient receives ________ to increase noradrenalin levels in the brain.

Taking an oral tablet on an empty stomach ____________.

As the osmolarity of blood increases the amount of ________.

Which of the following has the smallest percentage?

Which hormone has the largest t1/2?

If blood pressure increases then _____________________.

This specie is considered to have a ?systemic? effect of uterine prostaglandins on the CL versus a ?local? effect.

From the arcuate artery, blood moves to the _______________.

Which hormone is not regulated by the hypothalamus

Adrenalin causes liver cells.

Females use a remnant of the in their adult reproductive tract.

In between the kidney capsule and the medulla is the .

stimulates the breakdown of proteins in muscle cells to amino acids.
If I injected thyroxin to an animal I would expect tsh concentrations to in the blood.

Capillaries in the peritoneal (peritoneum) cavity allow______________ permeability.

In order for drugs to get eliminated from the body it must become .

The last pair of kidneys to form is the .

Which is not part of the pathway of urine?

The first capillary bed in the renal (portal) system is called the .

In between the medulla of the kidney and the ureter is the _______.

To achieve the shortest time to a peak concentration, give a drug _________________.

Antidiuretic hormone is synthesized (made) in the ______________.

Thyroid stimulating hormone comes from the ____________.

Parathyroid hormone does not __________.

Where is calcitonin made?

What is tbp?

Which is not a function of thyroxin?

Which is not a function of glucocorticoids?

Where is somatostatin made?

The release of insulin is stimulated by_______.

Glucagon __________.

pth stimulates __________.

The last phase of a drug?s disposition is_____________.

Which cells make tsh?

PGF2alpha is a well-known example of a hormone.

The long-looped nephron that extends into the medullary kidney is a____________ nephron.

If a species of rats developed only kidneys on the right side, then sperm would be found in____.

Iodine is concentrated in the ____________ of the thyroid gland.

The target of tsh is the ___________________.

Glucocorticoids are _______________________.

Which is not a form of a glucocorticoid?
What kind of capillaries have areas of the basal lamina missing?

The blood-brain barrier is composed of ___________.

Insulin comes from __________ cells.

Too much sugar in the blood and urine, too much urine production and not enough insulin can lead to _______.

When the level of sodium is low, _______ gets released.

A toxic dosage of radiation for 50% of a population within 40 days.

If the concentration of a drug goes from 20 mg per ml to 5mg per ml in 40 minutes, what is the half-life (t1/2) of the drug? minutes

The renal corpuscle is __________.

Iodine is not incorporated into __________.

If you were dehydrated in a desert you would release a lot of __________.

If hormone ?A? has a negative feedback on hormone ?B? then hen hormone ?A? is increased ?B? will _______________.

Another name for the posterior pituitary is the ____.

An injection of ________________ to an animal will not induce aldosterone release.

An 84 amino acid long, polypeptide hormone.

Another name for thyroxin is __________.

The liver changes cholecalciferol to __________.

Which is not part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

A kidney that collects fluid only from the peritoneal cavity __________.

A hormone that is 44 amino acids long, is ___.

A dimeric polypeptide hormone is ______.

If a drug had an ED50 of 10 mg, a TD50 of 100 mg and a LD50 of 1000 mg, then______ mg would kill 90% of a population.

Absorption is the same thing as a drug ____________________.

Diuresis causes .

adh is released out of the .

What is the main response to hyperosmotic (salty) blood?

drugs can most easily get absorbed through the skin.
In fat cells, _______________ causes fatty acids to be absorbed into the cells.

and calcitonin control calcium level in the blood.
The smaller the half-life the _________.

If adh is not r

AS 310, Animal Science, Exam 3 8.7 of 10 on the basis of 1775 Review.