The Old South

The Old South
The task system also showed assimilation into the British world, African words an customs survived long in South Carolina than the Chesapeake Newly imported slaves spoke Gullah a 2nd language pidgin language. Gullah bagan with phrases common to many West Africans language. Gradually English words were added and became the natural language of later generations.
Everywhere slavery took hold it required brute force to sustain it. Slaves convicted of arson were often burned at the stake. This was a unthinkable punishment for the white person, whippings were frequent with the master or overseer. Setting the number of stripes in North Carolina one overseer killed 5 slaves in two or three yrs before 1712. When one slave fell asleep and lost one parcel of rice in the river the overseer chained him, whipped him twice a day, refused to give him food, and confined him at night in a machine that was shaped like a coffin, where he could not turn. Slave houses usually had no windows, 1 door, and dirt floors.
Georgia the failure enlightment of Utopia . The sponsors of the Georgia project hoped to create a society that could make productive use of England?s poor, they were determined to make use of silk and wine. These were products the no other British colony had succeeded i making profitable. They also intended to shield South Carolina slave society from Spanish Florida by populating Georgia with disciplined armed free man. Georgia was a colony that was to never have slaves. Appalled by what cheap English Gin was doing to sobriety and industry of England?s working people, the profited hard liquor as well as slave labor. Georgia no liqueur and no slaves. First settlers laid out Savannah a town with spacious streets. Within 10yrs 1,800 charity cases and just over 1000 self supporting colonist. The Trustees gave 50 acres to every male settler whose passage was paid for by charity cases. Those who paid there own passage could claim 500 acres. Ordinnarly farmers did poorly they couldnt support a family on 50acres of the sandy soil around Savannah. The trustees envisioned every land owner as a soldier. Women couls not inherit becuse they could not be soldiers. land owners could not sale their plots. The settlers were unable to grow grapes or to persuade the sickly worms , that survived the Atlantic crossing to make silk out of Mulberry leaves. The settlers were clambering for Rum. They smuggled it into the colony when they could they could and they insisted that Georgia would never thrive innless they had slaves.
The seven year war
The French dominated the fur trade in Canada and the colonies, they especially controlled the Ohio Valley Region in the mid 18th century. How a group of fur traders from the colonies ventured into the Ohio Valley and were turned back by the French. The French had built a Fort to solidify their presence. The Fort was called Fort Ducane. Delegates from the southern middle northern colonies met at Abony, New York to gather an Army to persuade the neutral Huroki to join their efforts to push the French out of the Ohio valley. The Huroki refused to join the colonist and a young George Washington attempted to attack the French but found himslef lost and lost 1/3 of his men. Another significant victory by the French and their Indian allies caused the Britian to declare war on France in 1756. Thus bagan the the 7 year war. This war was also faught in Connential Europe it involved France, Austria, and Russia, who were fighting against Prussia. British forces were successful in defeating France in its American and Canadian strong holds. The war ended in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris. Under this agreement France gave its American territories to England and Spain an allie of France gave Florida to England. England will receive Florida and all of the French area. Ohio valley which was England forced France to give Louisiana to Spain.

Tightening the strings on the new colony. Te colonies witnessed economic prosperities during the seven year war. As they satisfied the British militaries demand for goods but the economy suffered after the war as the bottom dropped out of markets such a tobacco. The British government at this time wanted to replinish the treasury. Because they spent all money on war. British parliment passed a number acts to raise money from the colonies.
In 1764 it passed the Sugar and Carnesy acts. The sugar act passed new duties or taxes on the export on molasses from colony. While the Carnesy act outlawed the ability for the colonies to issue their own money. Theses act were followed by the Stamp act in 1765. It required that a tax stamp be placed on all printed materials. This included Newspapers, wills transference of land, liquor license, purchasing of playing cards, and borrowing money.
the tax stamp had to be purchased w/ British currency, " the pound." The Stamp act drew the average citizen to the world of politics. Anti Stamp act demonstrations occurred in major town and cities in the colonies. These protest were so effective that Stamp distributors were afraid to issue Stamps on the day that the law took effect.
Case of George Burroughs
1. What kind of harm can a dream like stage cause?
Mental problems and stress.
2. What else does the trial seemingly accuse Burroughs?
That he was not a minister.
3. What is unusual about Susan Sheldon?s testimony?
She got her testimony from two dead women communicating with her.
4. What does the testimony of Webber, Willard, Greenslit seem to say about Burroughs?
That Burroughs had unbelievable strength.
5. What caused many of the spectators at the execution to have second thoughts about the execution?
His reciting of the Lords Prayer.
6. What does the phrase the Black man stood up and dictated him mean?
The black man was sin ominous with the devil.
7. How does Cotton Mather belittle the effects of Burroughs good recitation of the Lords Prayer?
The Devil can disguise himself as an angel.
Tightening the strings on the colonies.
American merchants a non importation association that prevented the British merchants from shipping exports to the colonies. These pressures led to the repeal of the Stamp Act. Britain continued its revenue with the passage of the Townsend Act. It placed taxes on items such as tea, paper and glass. This act was placed on goods that were imported to the colonies from England. and was to be used to pay the salaries of English officials stationed in the colonies.
Groups such as the daughters of liberty promised to boycott the purchase or consumptions of the British products.
In Boston more than 300 women promised not buy or drink tea. The daughters of liberty encouraged women to make their own clothes and not depend on English cloth. All the provisions of the Townsend Act were repealed except the tax on tea would still be in effect.
The sons of liberty?..
Many British soldiers despised the American soldiers. In general they were the dirtiest, contemperable cowardly dogs they had ever seen. However there were other British Generals such as Isac Barre? praised American courage and he called the soldiers the sons of liberty , A name that was adopted by men who resisted British colonies.
In 1769 the Boston sons of liberty turned to direct confrontation with the British Army and the city began to face a serious crisis. The Red Coats had intimidated the Boston for nearly a year. Now Boston reciprocated the town watch clashed with the Army?s guard post because the watch when challenged by the Red Coats call, Who goes there?" The watch refused to answer, ?friends.? The watch guy said nothing English Common law soldiers could not fire on civilians w/ out an order from a civil magistrate, ?judge.? except in self defense when their lives were in danger .Clashes between soldiers and civilians grew frequent ad justices of the peace singled out the soldiers for punishment. One of the leading causes for the Boston Massacre was the placing of the Board of Customs commissioned office in Boston. This office was responsible for collecting the duties on tea. British constantly patrolled the area where the office was located. They often harassed people walking by and on their off hours they competed for jobs with Boston?s labors " so the Red Coats came first"
The Red Coats and labors often fought. One day a crowd started throwing snowballs at the Red Coats, who turned and fired killing 5 people.
British Parliament in 1773 passed the Tea Act which gave the East India company exclusive rights to sale tea directly to the American colonies. The company had lost money saleing tea to the colonist previously, as American preferred the cheaper tea sold by the Dutch. This act hurt the colonist in two ways.
1st way Tax on tea established by the Townsend Act were still in effect. The colonist felt that they were being taxed with out having representation on parliament.
2nd way Merchants who profited from saling smuggles Dutch tea were now being undercut by the East India Company.
Once these ships w/ tea entered Philadelphia and New York harbors they were prevented to unload the tea and forced to turn around , however in Boston the ships were not allowed to return to England and citizens would not allow them to unload. One night a group of men disguised as Native Americans entered the ship and tossed 10,000 pds of tea into the harbor. Unhappy w/ the accurance parliament passed the Coercive Acts known in the colonies as the Intolerable Acts
1. Closed the part of Boston until it could pay the East India Company for its losses.
2. Restructive the Massachusetts government by changing the upper house into an appointed body instead of the elective one

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