Guidelines to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

Cause and effect essay. As the very name shows this piece of essay writing deals with finding the cause and then exploring the effects of a certain incident. First the cause will have to discussed in length, then the effects will have to be found out and presented to the reader in details. A single cause may have multiple effects or multiple causes may lead to one single effect. It will all depend on the topic, the writer has chosen to write on. In such a multiple cause or effect scenario, it would be best for the writer to stick to the most important points only. A discussion on all points possible, will serve to make the essay long and meandering and also boring. So when the topic is finalized it would be best to find out the causes and the effects and stick to discussing only the most important points.
Like any other essay a cause and effect essay will also start with the introduction paragraph. Here the writer will have to present the topic to the reader, using the terms cause and effect. He will also have to present to the reader, as to whether he will be discussing the effects, the causes, or both, in the essay. The introduction will have to present the thesis statement at the end. The body will put forward the causes and effects and discuss them in detail. In case of multiple causes or effects scenario, the writer can explain them in separate developmental paragraphs. The main body may be organized in three different ways. The first one is the single cause and multiple effects. As for example, cause – severe dieting is injurious to health, effects : a) it can lead to gastric ulcers b) it can lead to problems like anorexia or bulimia c) it can cause other problems like brittle bones d) it may lead to severe fall in hemoglobin levels. Second one is multiple causes and single effect: effect – environmental pollution , causes: a) factories releasing harmful gases b) untreated sewage water running into natural water bodies c) dumping waste into the sea.d) burning of low-quality coal. Third one is the Chain pattern where one event casually leads to the other. For example, cutting down trees will bring about destruction and complete ecological disaster. Here the complete chain starting from cutting down trees, to disappearance of forests, to lack of rainfall , the region slowly becoming arid and desert-like can be discussed serially in separate paragraphs. Each multiple cause or effect will have to be discussed in different paragraphs with the transitions between each paragraph being very smooth. All arguments in the essay must be supported by relevant and reliable evidences. The multiple causes and effects must necessarily be written in the order of their importance.
This article originally appeared on

Guidelines to Write a Cause and Effect Essay 9.1 of 10 on the basis of 1276 Review.