APA Research Paper Outline – For the Science and Management students, mainly

APA Research Paper Outline – For the Science and Management students, mainly

APA Research Paper Outline – A Basic Guide
There are four main different types of formatting or kinds of essay formats to choose from while writing for a research paper or for that matter for any sort of academic essay writing. These are the MLA or the Modern Language association, Harvard style, Chicago style and the APA or American psychological association style. Out of these the MLA and APA are the more common ones. MLA format is mainly used for the humanities and social science stream while the science, technology and management stream uses the APA format. APA research paper outline gives a more detailed delineation when compared to the MLA type and most students find the MLA style more simple and easy to understand. However if the APA technique of writing is well understood and once the writer becomes well versed with practice, then this method then it too will become easy.
An APA research paper outline is composed of four parts. These are the title page, abstract, the main body of the thesis paper comprising of an introduction, a body and a conclusion and the reference page. The title page is required only when the instructor asks for one and for this, it is best to ask for the instructor’s guidance. If the title page is indeed required then it will consist of a header, a running head, the full title, the writer’s name, instructor’s name and the name of the writer’s college or university. The header will consist of the main title’s first two to three words, followed by five spaces indented and then the page number. The running head is the first line after the header and the words “running head” are written followed by a colon punctuation mark. This is followed by the entire title of the research paper. Next will come the writer’s name, instructor’s name and college name all in separate lines and doubly spaced. The second page will be the abstract. It will present the entire research work in a concise form in a double spaced single paragraph not exceeding 120-200 words. After the abstract the next page will contain the main thesis which will contain the actual research work along with all the data and facts and figures. Here the writer will have to defend his research work with the help of various evidences taken from other people’s work. In- text citations for such support is extremely important to avoid any charge of plagiarism. In-text–citations in the APA style is given as – the last name of the author and the year of publication within parenthesis. At the end there will be the reference page which will give all the details of the various sources taken as evidences to defend the research work or thesis, which will look as follows:
In case of book reference – last name of the author, initials of the first name of the author (year of publication). Name of the book. Name of the publisher. page number.
In case of journals – last name of author, initials of the first name of the author (year). name of the article. Name of the journal. Volume number. Pages.
In case of net reference – last name of author, initials of the first name of the author (year). Name of the article. Name of the Online journal. Retrieved on date from
Full link of the site.
These rules are to be strictly followed while writing references in an APA format paper or else all efforts taken in making the research paper will come to a naught. Special care is to be taken while documenting all the evidences taken for the research paper and due credit given to all the sources directly quoted or ideas taken, to avoid any charges of plagiarism. It is unavoidable too, as a research paper cannot be completed without presenting proper and relevant facts and data as evidences to support the writer’s argument and so it becomes imperative to use other writer’s work and in the process also give them their due credit.
APA research paper outline is generally used for writing science or technological research papers and also management or business research papers, that is, those that involve a lot of investigation and exploration in their work. A good APA paper if written well and the format properly followed and citations correctly given will give a conventional and well researched impression and leading to good marks for the paper

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