Rizal

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Chapter 14 Rizal in London

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Stay in London
• Lived in London May 1888 to Mar. 1889 • 3 reasons why he stayed there: 1) To improve the his knowledge of the English Language 2) To study and annotate Morga’s Sucesos de Las Islas Filipinas 3) London was a safe place for him to carry on his fight against Spanish Tyranny • Filipiniana studies • Completing annotating Morga’s books • Wrote many articles in La Solidaridad • Penned Young Women of Malolos • Had romance with Gertrude Beckett
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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• Made friends in his atlantic voyage • Amazed some American and European passengers • Had a chat with newspaper men but became disappointed • Arrived on Liverpool May 24, 1888 • “Liverpool is a big and beautiful city and its celebrated port is worthy of its great fame. The entrance is magnificent and the custom house is quite good.”
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Trip across the Atlantic

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Life in London
• Went to London May 25, 1888 • Stayed as a guest at Dr. Regidor’s home • Became a boarder at the Beckett’s by the end of May • Was called “Pearl of Man” by Dr. Reinhold Rost • Played Cricket and Boxing with Dr. Rost’s sons.
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

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Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Good and Bad News from • Bad News home
• Persecution of the Filipino patriots who signed the “Anti-friar Petition of 1888” • Persecution of Calamba tenants • Furious attacks on Rizal by Senator Salamanca and Vida in the Spanish Cortes and by Desengaños (Wenseslao E. Retana) and Quioquiap (Pablo Feced) in spanish newspapers • Rizal’s brother-in-law, Manuel Hidalgo was exiled in Bohol

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Good and Bad News from • Good News home
• Rev. Vicente Garcias’ defended Noli against the attacks of the friars. • Content of the letter
We young Filipinos are trying to make over a nation and must not halt in our onward march, but from time to time turn our gaze upon our elders. We shall wish to read in their contenances approval of our actions. We are anxious to learn of the Philippines’ past which we need to understand in order to plan intelligently for the future. We want to know all that our ancestors knew, and then add our own

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Annotating Morga’s • Spent many days in the reading books

room of the British Museum reading Morga’s books and old stories of the Philippines • Wrote a letter to Blumentritt on Sept. 17, 1888 • Mariano Ponce urged him to edit a newspaper but refused
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Short visit to Paris and Spain • September 1888 he visited Paris
for a week • Entertained in a gay French Metropolis by Juan Luna and his wife • He returned to London • Dec. 11, 1888 he went to Spain • Met Marcelo H. del Pilar and Mariano Ponce Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Christmas in London
• Rizal returned to London on Dec. 24, 1888 and spent his Christmas and new year ‘s day with the Becketts. • He sent a gift to Blumentritt and Dr. Carlos Czepelak • Received a gift from Mrs. Beckett
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Rizal becomes leader of Filipinos in Europe
• Chosen to be honorary president • Wrote a letter of thanks adressed to the members of Asociacion La Solidaridad on Jan. 28, 1889
• Letter content • When defeated never surrender • Great deal of integrity and much good
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Rizal and the La Solidaridad paper
• Graciano Lopez founded La Solidaridad on Feb.15,1889 at Barcelona • Marcelo H. del Pilar about their newspaper • Rizal congratulated Lopez Jaena and the associates and wrote
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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First Article in La • Los Agricultores Filipinos (The Solidaridad Filipino Farmers)
• Published Mar. 25, 1889 • Depicted the deplorable conditions in the Philippines which cause the backwardness of the country.
The Filipino farmers has to struggle not only against petty tyrants and robbers.Against the first, defense indeed was permitted; against the latter not always… After the floods, locusts, fires, bad harvests, and the like the farmer capitalist has to deal with constable who takes away from
Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

First Article or for La in no for being suspicious persons reason whatsoever, and they manacle them to Solidaridadthe clean the barracks and thus compel
capitalist to live on better terms with the chief and, if not, they take away his carabaos, oxen, inspite of many protests. At times it is not the constable or the civil guard who opposes so indirectly the minister of colonies. An official of the court or the provincial government, dissatisfied with the farmer, urgently summons this or that laborer, if not two or three. The unfortunate man underyakes a tripoftwo or three days, uneasy and distrustful, spends his savings,

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Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

• La Vision del Fray Rodriguez (The vision of Fray Rodriguez)
• Published at Barcelona

Writings in London

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• Letter to the Young Women of Malolos
• M.H. del Pilar • Praise the young ladies of Malolos for their courage to establish a school where they could learn spanish despite the opposition of Fr. Felipe Garcia, Spanish parish priest of Malolos. 1. A Filipino mother should teach her children love of God, fatherland, and mankind 2. Filipino mother should be glad, like the Spartan mother 3. Filipino woman should know how to preserve her dignity and honor 4. Filipino woman should educate herself, aside from retaining her good racial virtues;

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

Writings in London

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• Specimens of Tagalog Folklore
• Two Eastern Fables

• Requested by: Dr. Rost

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)



Romance with Gertrude Gertrude Beckett Beckett • Buxom English girl with brown hair, blue eyes,
• • • • • and rosy cheeks Eldest of the three sisters Fell in love with Rizal helped him in his painting and sculpture “Gettie” Rizal finished 4 sculptures • Promotheus Bound • The Triumph of Death over Life • The Triumph of Science over Death • Composite carving of the heads of the Beckett sisters

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Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89)

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Adios London
• March 19, 1889

Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Rizal 8.7 of 10 on the basis of 1608 Review.