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Works Cited

How to Get Rid of Sexual Disorders and Dysfunction. (2005). From http://www.depression-guide.com/sexual-disorders.htm.

(1998). Mosby's Medical, Nursing, & Allied Health Dictionary. Edition 5. In Mosby-Year Book, Inc.

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Sexual Disorders
Several studies have found that one half or more couples have had or will eventually have sexual problems at some time of their relationship. Sexual problems are experienced because of individual differences - people are different in what they want and how often they want it!

What is a Sexual Problem?
In general terms a sexual problem is defined as difficulty during any stage of the sexual act (which includes desire, arousal, orgasm and resolution) that prevents the individual or couple from enjoying sexual activity.

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Prevention
Good hygiene and routine medical care will help to some degree. Adequate foreplay and stimulation will help to ensure proper lubrication of the vagina. The use of a water-soluble lubricant like K-Y Jelly may also help. Vaseline should not be used as a sexual lubricant since it is not water soluble and may encourage vaginal infections. Practicing safe-sex can help prevent sexually transmitted diseases.

Vaginismus
This disorder is an involuntary spasm of the muscles surrounding the vagina that closes the vagina. It occurs in response to fear of painful intercourse before coitus or pelvic examination.
Treatment
The first step for any woman who suspects she has vaginismus is to schedule a full pelvic examination with her gynecologist in order to rule out a physical cause. Once a physical cause is ruled out treatment for vaginismus is an extensive therapy program that combines education and counseling with behavioral exercises. Exercises include pelvic floor muscle contraction and relaxation (Kegel exercises) to improve voluntary control.
Prevention
If a woman finds intercourse painful, she should seek medical evaluation right away. When pain continues to be endured as part of sex, it increases the risk of conditioning a vaginismus response. If you have pain associated with intercourse or difficulties with successful vaginal penetration, discuss this with your health care provider.
Dyspareunia
An abnormal pain during or after sexual intercourse. Although this problem can affect men, it is more common in women. Women with dyspareunia may have pain in the vagina, clitoris or labia.
Treatment
Examination of both partners before marriage or sexual activity; a frank explanation of the reproductive and sexual organs, their functions, and the physiologic and psychological factors involved in sexual intercourse; and guidance in sexual techniques may prevent problems. Most important is listening to the partners' concerns and answering their questions. Existing lesions or defects should be corrected, if possible. For example, a tight hymeneal ring may be stretched in the physician's office.

Sexual Disorders

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