Theories

Modern life comes with many problems, one of which is traffic congestion, that is becoming more serious day after day. It is said that the high volume of vehicles, the inadequate infrastructure and the irrational distribution of urban development are main reasons for the ever increasing traffic jam.
The major cause leading to traffic congestion is the high number of vehicle which was caused by the population and the development of economy. To solve this problem, the government should encourage people to use public transport or vehicles with small size such as bicycles or make tax on private vehicles
That being said, we turn into the Lebanese scene where the infrastructure cannot handle the issue of traffic. Public transport such as bus, subway or train is not well established and is of very bad quality. Besides, highways and road networks are incapable of meeting the requirement of increasing number of vehicle. Coping with these difficulties, the government should make an investment in the traffic facilities, namely, the public transport need improving to become more modern and convenient.
In addition, the irrational distribution of public centers is only to worsen the traffic current status .Head offices, Universities and hospitals are often located in the centre of city attracting a heavy flow of people in rush hour. In this sense, the government should work hand in hand with urban planners in order to allocate suitably these focal points ( ie moving universities to the outskirt of cities).
This paper will introduce us to traffic congestion as a worldwide term , and will examine the causes leading to traffic jams on the main highway of Zouk Mikael , keserwan , Lebanon


Definition
“TRAFFIC
Pronunciation:\ˈtra-fik\
Function:noun
Usage:often attributive
Etymology:Middle French trafique, from Old Italian traffico, from trafficare to trade in coastal waters
Date:1549

(2): the vehicles, pedestrians, ships, or planes moving along a route
(3): congestion of vehicles

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