Sociology

SociologySociology is a new science which focuses on the totality of social life, the context of behavior and the group level of real and social facts. An individual is a part and parcel of the society. Social integration refers to the degree to which a person is a part and parcel of a larger group. Marriage, family, and kinship, etc reflect the social integration. An individual’s conduct and life are reflected by the social integration. It binds one person to other person. In generally speaking, the word “society” means the members of a society in group persons rather than the social relationships of the persons. Society is a complex one. It is found that from traditional, barbaric society to the modern society, each society is formed by the combination of several social institutions. Marriage, family, educational, economic, political, religious institutions, are the basic social institutions in the society. Now some more such as school, peer groups, workplace, and the state are influencing the individual personality. These basic social institutions govern the social movements of the human beings. They control human beings. The term socialization is used by sociologists, social psychologists and educationalists to refer to the process of learning one’s culture and how to live within it. For the individual it provides the resources necessary for acting and participating within their society.
Family is a basic kinship unit, in its minimal form consisting of a wife, husband and children. In its widest sense it refers to all relatives living together or recognized as social unit, including adopted persons. It is an association. It is an institution. Therefore, it is often called as “Basic Social Institution” because it’s important functions of procreation and socialization are found in some form in all the societies in the world. It is found in every society and at every stage since the human civilization started. The members of each family shall obey certain social regulations. These regulations cannot be broken so easily. The members of the family obey these social regulations with ease and free consent. The man learns basic social norms and values in his childhood. Family is the basic social institution having social control, social change. Educational institutions are regarded as the social institutions. The education at school helps as a bridge between the child hood and youth. Child learns the duties, rights, moral obligations along with other co-students in his school. The concept of socialization and learning are so intimately related that they are inseparable from the concept of education. Peer group is a section of people who have a common identity based on such characteristics as similar social status, interests, age, or ethnic group.
For Socialization-related learning processes and perception of workplace adaptation emotions also contribute meaningfully. Gender, job satisfaction, anger, and curiosity all proved to be positive, independent predictors of socialization-related learning and workplace adaptation. One of the independent predictor is anxiety but age, race, formal orientation, employee status, and rapidly changing workplace were not regarded as significant predictors. Job satisfaction was confirmed to be not only an end result of the socialization but also an important factor in the socialization process itself.[3]The state is a people organized for law within a definite territory. The state itself is an ideal person, intangible, invisible, immutable. The individual has no rights against the state. The state is a sovereign and it lays down a system of imperatives. If any person disobeys the imperative of the state, which take the form of laws, he can be punished. The state has coercive power. It is monopoly in the nature. The state is a repressive agency. Where as society has no such coercive power. Of course, Society can also make its own rules which regulate social behavior, but they are not imperatives. They are simply rules of conduct. The influence is up to a large extent by the above mentioned factors, so the good impact will create best society.
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