Learn How to Cite a Paper

Learn How to Cite a Paper
Learn How to Cite a Paper
How to Cite a Paper – Guidelines

Knowing how to cite a paper is one of the most important aspects of essay writing. It is essential that a writer is aware of all the essay formats types that are used for writing. The most commonly used formatting patterns are the MLA, APA, Chicago and Harvard. While giving direct quotations it is imperative for the writer to cite correctly so as to avoid being charged for plagiarism.

Given below are examples of how to cite a paper correctly using various essay formats:

In case of MLA formatting, in-text citation will give the author’s name and page number. Without the available name of the author the title of the work cited can be used instead of the author’s name along with page number.

As for example:

According to Higginson “these qualities rendered him a proper object for the effective patriots…to bring forward to favour their views…..availed themselves of his great desire for popularity….represented him as a man useful in the cause of liberty…he was captivated…of being a publick man…was lavish of money…to gain their affections” (Higginson, p. 6-7)

The ‘works cited’ page for this would be:

Higginson, Stephen.Ten Chapters in the life of John Hancock. New York. Original from
University of California, 1857. Digitized on 11th October 2007. Print.

In case of net reference – site name. article heading or name. Date of publishing. Name of the affiliated university or organization. web. Date of when you visited the site.

In case of journal reference – Author. Name of the article. Name of the journal. Date of publishing. Pages referred. Print.

For APA formatting the in-text citation for a book would be:

According to Higginson (1857) “these qualities rendered him a proper object for the effective patriots…to bring forward to favour their views…..availed themselves of his great desire for popularity….represented him as a man useful in the cause of liberty…he was captivated…of being a publick man…was lavish of money…to gain their affections” (Higginson, 1857).

The ‘reference’ page would be:

Higginson, Stephen. (1857). Ten Chapters in the life of John Hancock. New York. Original from
University of California. Digitized on 11th October 2007. 6-7.

In case of journals – last name of author, initials of the first name of the author (year).
name of the article. Name of the journal. Volume number. Pages.

In case of net reference – last name of author, initials of the first name of the author (year).
Name of the article. Name of the Online journal. Retrieved on date from
Full link of the site.

The in-text citation for a Chicago paper would be will be like this:

According to Higginson “these qualities rendered him a proper object for the effective patriots…to bring forward to favour their views…..availed themselves of his great desire for popularity….represented him as a man useful in the cause of liberty…he was captivated…of being a publick man…was lavish of money…to gain their affections”. 1

The footnote for this would be

1. S. Higginson.Ten Chapters in the life of John Hancock. (New York. Original from
University of California, 1857), 6-7.

The ‘Notes page’, at the end of the essay but before the bibliography page, should read like this:

Stephen Higginson. Ten Chapters in the life of John Hancock. (New York. Original from
University of California, 1857), 6-7.

The last page that is the ‘Bibliography page’ that arranges the names of the cited authors alphabetically, should read like this:

Higginson, S. Ten Chapters in the life of John Hancock. New York. Original from
University of California, 1857. Digitized on 11th October 2007.
http://essaywritingblog.com/page/8

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