1931 Napier Earthquake

1931 Napier Earthquake
At 10.47am on Tuesday the 3rd of February 1931, there was an earthquake in Napier, that had many devastating effects on the land and people.

One major effect on the land was vertical movement. This is called horst, and occurs when a portion of the Earths crust is pushed upwards between two fault lines. An example of this occurred when the seafloor just off the coast of Hawkes Bay raised vertically 2.7metres during the earthquake, during the 1931 Napier earthquake.









Kobe Earthquake Essay

Kobe Earthquake Essay
Kobe Earthquake Essay
Before we give you some information for the Kobe earthquake essay, let us give you some general details. Kobe is the capital city of the Hoygo Prefecture in Japan. What is more, it is one of the biggest port cities in Japan with a population of about 1.5 million people. You also have to know that the earthquakes are very common for Japan and weak earthquakes occur almost everyday.

Yet, the Kobe (or Great Hanshin) earthquake was not that ordinary. It was the strongest earthquake since 1923 when the Great Kanto earthquake hit Japan and took 140,000 million lives.

So, let us see what information you can introduce in the Kobe earthquake essays.









Stay Alive: Earthquake Emergency Preparation Tips

Earthquakes are among the most devastating natural disasters.









Earthquake Essays

Earthquake Essays
A theme of natural disaster is one of those that are most favorable for students. This is because everybody knows something about this certain natural cataclysm or was even a witness of it. So, your listeners automatically become involved in the discussion and interested. We will consider earthquake essays in this article and will tell you what information you should look for and treat, if you want to develop them successfully.









The Physical and Human Factors Which Affect the Location and the Impact of the Earthquake Hazard

The Physical and Human Factors Which Affect the Location and the Impact of the Earthquake Hazard
Earthquakes are natural hazards that have occurred since the dawn of time. They are products of the Earth?s ever-changing face and lead to the movement of the world?s tectonic plates. An earthquake is a hazard resulting from major geological processes and the release of energy within the earth leading to catastrophic incidents such as earthquake and volcanic eruptions. The effects of earthquakes can have considerable damage to the physical and human environments and the impact and location of an earthquake can alter the damage of the process. Earthquakes are most likely to occur at the boundaries of the lithospheric plates. They occur from movements along fractures in rocks called faults. Movements occur along the faults because of the stress put upon the area due to crystal movement, the stress is not released gradually but it builds up and becomes so great until the rocks are forced to shift suddenly along the fault. Once the fault moves the shock waves produced results into an earthquake, the point of break is called the focus. The physical factors that effect the location and impact of the earthquake can have a large impact upon the hazards the process causes.









The Damaging Effects of the Kobe Earthquake in 1995

The Damaging Effects of the Kobe Earthquake in 1995
The earth?s surface is not all one big piece. It is broke down into several different pieces called plates. Each plate moves a few centimetres a year. The place were two plates join up we call a plate boundary. Major earthquakes and volcanoes eruptions take place at these plate boundaries. Japan is at the boundary of three plates. It is located were the pacific and the Philippians plates move towards the Eurasian plate. As the two plates meet the Eurasian plate they are forced downwards and under the Eurasian plate. The movement has resulted in lots of earthquakes and volcanoes all over the country killing many people and destroying much land and crops.









10 Most Devastating Earthquakes of All Time

10 Most Devastating Earthquakes of All Time
10 Most Devastating Earthquakes of All Time
1960 Valdivia earthquake: The Great Chilean Earthquake on May 22, 1960. It is the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, rated at 9.5 magnitude. It caused tsunamis in Chile, Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, eastern New Zealand, southeast Australia, and Alaska. Estimates of the death toll range from 2,231 to 6,000. The monetary cost ranges between 400 to 800 million US dollars, or 2.9 to 5.8 billion in 2010 dollars.

2004 Indian Ocean earthquake: The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake had an epicenter off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, and caused devastating tsunamis along the Indian Ocean, including Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand. Its magnitude was between 9.1 and 9.3. It is one of the deadliest natural disasters in recorded history, killing nearly 230,000 people.

1964 Alaska earthquake: The 1964 Alaska earthquake is known as the Great Alaska Earthquake. It hit south-central Alaska at a magnitude of 9.2. The earthquake lasted nearly 5 minutes, and is the most powerful recorded earthquake in US and North American history. There were 131 deaths directly caused by the earthquake and its resulting tsunamis.









Exploring Why LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's

Exploring Why LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's
A medc is a more economically developed country; therefore it can afford to spend money on improving the countries stability and helping to decrease the damage from an earthquake. An example of a medc is Kobe, in Tokyo, where in January 1995; an earthquake that measured 7.5 on the Richter scale hit the city. A ledc is a less economically developed country and therefore cannot afford to spend money to protect the country from earthquakes. An example of an ledc is Armenia, in Columbia, where on the 25th January 1999; an earthquake measuring 6.3 on the Richter scale was the worst earthquake the country had experienced since 1983. As MEDC?s have more money to spend on prediction methods, I would expect there to be less deaths and damage in MEDC?s than in LEDC?s. This is due to a number of reasons. Firstly, because MEDC?s are more economically developed, they can afford to spend money on prediction methods, such as gps satellite, which is when data is sent from satellites to computers with information such as plate movement and changes in the earth?s surface. This prediction method is very accurate; however, a disadvantage is that if the computers fail then all of the data will be lost. Also, the fact that MEDC?s have more money would also mean that they can spend more money on preparing the country for an earthquake.









Levels of Development Affect the Ability to Manage Natural Hazards

Levels of Development Affect the Ability to Manage Natural Hazards
A natural hazard is an event that occurs without the influence of man. It is an event which contains a level of possible danger. Examples of natural hazards are those such as hurricanes, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Development and levels of development are locations where the state of developing (expanding) is taking place. Where a city or town is expanding and building more buildings and structural locations. The management of an event is the way in which the event itself is controlled. The two types of natural hazards that I will be discussing in relation to levels of development are hurricanes and earthquakes. This is as they both effect locations differently as they are both different types of hazards. An earthquake is a tectonic hazard and a hurricane is a climatic hazard. Levels of development affect the ability to manage a hurricane as the more development there is, the harder it is to control the affect of the hurricane. This is as the more development there is, the more chance of the hurricane causing a bigger affect. An example of this is Hurricane Katrina. Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans a developed city on the coast of the United States. As the city is developed, the hurricane was able to cause a big affect and people were not able to manage it too well although many did leave the city in search for a safer location









Turkey Earthquake

Turkey Earthquake
Turkey Earthquake Introduction The terrible earthquake that struck western Turkey on August 17, 1999 measured a massive Mw7.4 on the Richter scale (also known as the Kocaeli, Turkey, earthquake) Turkey has had a long history of large earthquakes that often occur in progressive adjacent earthquakes. Starting in 1939, the North Anatolian fault produced a sequence of major earthquakes, of which the 1999 event is the 11th with a magnitude greater than or equal to 6.7. Starting with the 1939 event in western Turkey, the earthquake locations have moved both eastward and westward. The westward migration was particularly active and ruptured 600 km of contiguous fault between 1939 and 1944. This westward propagation of earthquakes then slowed and ruptured an additional adjacent 100 km of fault in events in 1957 and 1967, with separated activity further west during 1963 and 1964. The August 17, 1999 event fills in a 100 to 150 km long gap between the 1967 event and the 1963 and 1964 events