10 Most Devastating Earthquake
s of All Time
1960 Valdivia earthquake
: The Great Chilean Earthquake
on May 22, 1960. It is the most powerful earthquake
ever recorded, rated at 9.5 magnitude. It caused tsunamis in Chile, Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, eastern New Zealand, southeast Australia, and Alaska. Estimates of the death toll range from 2,231 to 6,000. The monetary cost ranges between 400 to 800 million US dollars, or 2.9 to 5.8 billion in 2010 dollars.
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
: The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
had an epicenter off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, and caused devastating tsunamis along the Indian Ocean, including Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand. Its magnitude was between 9.1 and 9.3. It is one of the deadliest natural disasters
in recorded history, killing nearly 230,000 people.
1964 Alaska earthquake
: The 1964 Alaska earthquake
is known as the Great Alaska Earthquake
. It hit south-central Alaska at a magnitude of 9.2. The earthquake
lasted nearly 5 minutes, and is the most powerful recorded earthquake
in US and North American history. There were 131 deaths directly caused by the earthquake
and its resulting tsunamis.